Hi: I wanted to know how much feed and hay I should be feeding my horse on a daily basis.
How much feed and grain a horse needs daily depends on his age, his work load and his general physical condition.
Young horses need a high protein diet, which includes a 16% grain feed and a high quality hay ( I like to feed my young horses, up to 2 years old, an alfalfa-grass mix hay). Weanlings need 3 lbs. of grain and 2 flakes of hay twice per day. Yearlings need 5 lbs. of grain and 2 to 3 flakes of hay twice a day.
Riding horses need a lower protein diet, which will consist of feeding a 11 to 12% protein grain and a good quality grass mix hay. I feed my lightly ridden adult horses 2 lbs. of grain and 2 flakes of hay twice a day. My training horses, which are ridden between 1 and 2 hours per day receive between 3 and 5 lbs. of grain and 4 to 6 flakes of hay twice per day.
Older horses need a senior feed for easier digestibility. Start with 2 lbs grain and 2 flakes of hay twice per day.
Always monitor your horses weight and adjust his feeding program accordingly. If you notice him gaining to much weight, cut his grain a bit. If he is losing weight increase his grain intake or choose a higher protein feed. I don't recommend to decrease his hay intake, as horses need roughage in their system to prevent colic.
Always keep fresh, clean water available as well as a salt-mineral block.
If your horse has continuous access to good pasture, you may omit feeding the hay except for during inclement weather, such as wintertime.
Thank You and Happy Trails!