American Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing
The Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing, formerly known as the Filly Triple Crown, is a set of three horse races in the United States which is open to three year old fillies. The three races that compose the series are The Acorn Stakes, run at Belmont Park at a distance of 1 mile, The Coaching Club American Oaks, run at Saratoga Race Course at a distance of 1⅛ miles and The Alabama Stakes, also run at Saratoga at a distance of 1¼ miles. The current race system was implemented in 2010 by the New York Racing Association and the series is sponsored by Betfair and TVG.
The Filly Triple Tiara (until 2002)
The original Triple Tiara consisted of three races at Belmont Park: the 1 mile Acorn Stakes, the 1⅛ mile Mother Goose Stakes and the Coaching Club American Oaks, which varied in distance between 1¼ and 1½ miles.
Eight horses have won the series under this system:
- Dark Mirage (1968)
- Shuvee* (1969)
- Chris Evert (1974)
- Ruffian (1975)
- Davona Dale (1979)
- Mom's Command* (1985)
- Open Mind* (1989)
- Sky Beauty* (1993)
*Denotes that the horse also won the Alabama Stakes in the same year, which is now part of the current Triple Tiara series.
The Filly Triple Tiara (2003–2009)
In 2003, the Triple Tiara was reconfigured for a time to consist of the Mother Goose Stakes, Coaching Club American Oaks, and the Alabama Stakes, a 1¼ mile race held in August at Saratoga Race Course in Saratoga Springs, New York. The New York Racing Association, the operator of Belmont Park and Saratoga Race Course, once offered a $2 million bonus to any filly that swept the three races. The bonus was discontinued in 2005. In 2007 the New York Racing Association reverted back to the original three races of the tiara; the Acorn, Mother Goose and Coaching Club American Oaks. No filly swept the reconfigured series.
Triple Tiara Proposals
In recent years, many owners and trainers of fillies have submitted proposals to the National Thoroughbred Racing Association to change the three races that compose the Triple Tiara. Although a great deal of prestige is attached to winning one or more of the current Triple Tiara races, all three are held at the same track at Belmont Park in the New York City area, because of this, the series is skewed to fillies that race in the northeast. Some from outside the area even modify the name of the series by calling it the "New York Triple Tiara."
Several options of races have been suggested to compose the "National Triple Tiara." The most popular proposal of races to compose a "Triple Tiara" series are The Kentucky Oaks, run at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky; The Black-Eyed Susan Stakes, run at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland; and The Acorn Stakes, run at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York. A second proposal has been to use the Kentucky Oaks, the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes and the Mother Goose Stakes. This version would allow more time for fillies to recuperate between races.
These races in the most popular proposal are near equal distance to their Triple Crown counterparts except for the Acorn, which is at a distance of one mile as opposed to the Belmont's mile-and-a-half distance. This series is thought to be a better choice for the Triple Tiara series, seeing that the three races are considered the most popular races for fillies. Each race receives considerable national network coverage, as it is run within 24 hours of the marquee event at each track. The Kentucky Oaks itself is known for drawing the third biggest crowds of any stakes races throughout the year, except for the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes. The Kentucky Oaks even outdraws the Belmont Stakes, the Travers Stakes and the Breeders' Cup. Each race is also the night before their Triple Crown counterpart, except the Acorn, which is a race that immediately precedes the Belmont Stakes. (See "Triple Crown")
- ↑ New York Racing Association (2010-05-28). "Betfair TVG Sponsors Triple Tiara". Press release. http://www.nyra.com/belmont/stories/May272010b.shtml. Retrieved 2010-05-28.
- ↑ Bravo's cable network coverage of "Ladies First" on May 1, 2009, during the introductory monologue recited by Bob Costas opening the 135th running of The Kentucky Oaks.