Fossil range: Template:Fossilrange Middle Eocene to early Pliocene
The Anchitheriinae are an extinct subfamily of the Perissodactyla family Equidae, the same family which includes modern horses, zebras and donkeys. This subfamily is more primitive then the living members of he family. The group first appeared with Mesohippus in north America during the middle Eocene and thrived until the late Miocene. The subfamily continued in Eurasia with the genus Sinohippus until the early Pliocene, when it finally when extinct.