Jump to: navigation, search

Anchitherium

Template:Taxobox title
Fossil range: Template:Fossil range[1]
250px
Anchitherium equinum front and hind leg at the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Subfamily: Anchitheriinae
Genus: Anchitherium
von Meyer, 1844
Type species
Anchitherium ezquerrae
Species[2][3][4][1]

see text

Anchitherium (meaning near beast) was a fossil horse with a three-toed hoof.

Anchitherium was a browsing (leaf eating) horse that originated in the early Miocene of North America and subsequently dispersed to Europe and Asia [4][3], where it gave rise to the larger bodied genus Sinohippus [1]. It was around 60 centimetres (10 h) high at the shoulder, and probably represented a side-branch of horse evolution that left no modern descendants.[5]

Species

A number of species have been included in the genus since it was first named.

File:Anchitherium aurelianense.jpg
Upper jaw molars and left lower jaw of Anchitherium aurelianense at the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin
  • A. alberdiae
  • A. aurelianense
  • A. australis
  • A. castellanum
  • A. clarencei
  • A. corcolense
  • A. cursor
  • A. ezquerrae
  • A. gobiense
  • A. hippoides
  • A. matritense
  • A. navasotae
  • A. parequinum
  • A. procerum

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Salesa, M.J., Sánchez, I.M., and Morales, J. 2004. Presence of the Asian horse Sinohippus in the Miocene of Europe. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 49(2):189-196.
  2. Sánchez, I.M., Salesa, M.J., and Morales, J. 1998. Revisión sistemática del género Anchitherium Meyer, 1834 (Equidae; Perissodactyla) en España. Estudios Geológicos, 55(1-2):1-37
  3. 3.0 3.1 Ye, J., W.-Y. Wu, and J. Meng. 2005. Anchitherium (Perissodactyla, Mammalia) from the Halamagai Formation of Northern Junggar Basin, Xinjiang. Vertebrata Palasiatica, 43(2):100-109 (in Chinese with English summary).
  4. 4.0 4.1 MacFadden, B.J. 2001. Three-toed browsing horse Anchitherium clarencei from the early Miocene (Hemingfordian) Thomas Farm, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, 43(3):79-109.
  5. Palmer, D., ed (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 274. ISBN 1-84028-152-9. 



Share

Premier Equine Classifieds

Subscribe

Subscribe to our newsletter and keep abreast of the latest news, articles and information delivered directly to your inbox.

Did You Know?

Modern horse breeds developed in response to a need for "form to function", the necessity to develop certain physical characteristics in order to perform a certain type of work... More...


The Gypsy Cob was originally bred to be a wagon horse and pulled wagons or caravans known as Vardos; a type of covered wagon that people lived in... More...


Archaeological evidence indicates that the Arabian horse bloodline dates back 4,500 years. Throughout history, Arabian horses spread around the world by both war and trade.... More...


That the term "Sporthorse" is a term used to describe a type of horse rather than any particular breed... More...