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Template:Taxobox title
Fossil range: Template:Fossil range[1]
Anchitherium equinum front and hind leg at the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Subfamily: Anchitheriinae
Genus: Anchitherium
von Meyer, 1844
Type species
Anchitherium ezquerrae

see text

Anchitherium (meaning near beast) was a fossil horse with a three-toed hoof.

Anchitherium was a browsing (leaf eating) horse that originated in the early Miocene of North America and subsequently dispersed to Europe and Asia [4][3], where it gave rise to the larger bodied genus Sinohippus [1]. It was around 60 centimetres (10 h) high at the shoulder, and probably represented a side-branch of horse evolution that left no modern descendants.[5]


A number of species have been included in the genus since it was first named.

File:Anchitherium aurelianense.jpg
Upper jaw molars and left lower jaw of Anchitherium aurelianense at the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin
  • A. alberdiae
  • A. aurelianense
  • A. australis
  • A. castellanum
  • A. clarencei
  • A. corcolense
  • A. cursor
  • A. ezquerrae
  • A. gobiense
  • A. hippoides
  • A. matritense
  • A. navasotae
  • A. parequinum
  • A. procerum


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Salesa, M.J., Sánchez, I.M., and Morales, J. 2004. Presence of the Asian horse Sinohippus in the Miocene of Europe. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 49(2):189-196.
  2. Sánchez, I.M., Salesa, M.J., and Morales, J. 1998. Revisión sistemática del género Anchitherium Meyer, 1834 (Equidae; Perissodactyla) en España. Estudios Geológicos, 55(1-2):1-37
  3. 3.0 3.1 Ye, J., W.-Y. Wu, and J. Meng. 2005. Anchitherium (Perissodactyla, Mammalia) from the Halamagai Formation of Northern Junggar Basin, Xinjiang. Vertebrata Palasiatica, 43(2):100-109 (in Chinese with English summary).
  4. 4.0 4.1 MacFadden, B.J. 2001. Three-toed browsing horse Anchitherium clarencei from the early Miocene (Hemingfordian) Thomas Farm, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, 43(3):79-109.
  5. Palmer, D., ed (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 274. ISBN 1-84028-152-9. 


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