Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton
Sir Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton KT, PC (29 September 1812 – 4 October 1861), known as Lord Montgomerie from 1814 to 1819, was a British Conservative politician. He was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1852 and again from 1858 to 1859.
Background and education
Eglinton was born in Palermo, Sicily, the son of Major-General Archibald Montgomerie, Lord Montgomerie (30 July 1773 – 4 January 1814), the eldest son of Hugh Montgomerie, 12th Earl of Eglinton. His mother was Lady Mary Montgomerie (d. 1848), daughter of General Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton. He was educated at Eton.
Eglinton was a staunch Tory, and in February 1852 he became Lord Lieutenant of Ireland under the Earl of Derby. He retired with the ministry in the following December, having by his princely hospitality made himself one of the most popular of Irish viceroys. When Derby returned to office in February 1858 he was again appointed Lord-Lieutenant, and he discharged the duties of this post until June 1859. In this year he was created Earl of Wintoun, an earldom which had been held by his kinsfolk, the Setons, from 1600 until 1716, when George Seton, 5th Earl of Wintoun, was deprived of his honors for high treason.
Lord Eglinton's main object of interest for some years was the turf; he kept a large racing stud and won success and reputation in the sporting world.
The Eglinton Tournament
In 1839 Lord Eglinton's name became more widely known in connection with the Eglinton Tournament. This took place at Eglinton castle and is said to have cost him £30,000 or £40,000. Contemporary ridicule is better remembered today than it successes. It was partly spoiled by the unfavourable weather, the rain falling in torrents, but it was a real tournament, participants having attended regular training during the course of the year prior and lances being broken in the orthodox way. Prince Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) and Lady Seymour, a granddaughter of Richard Brinsley Sheridan and the wife of Lord Seymour, afterwards 12th Duke of Somerset, took part. A list of the challengers with an account of the jousts and the mêlée will be found in the volume on the tournament written by the Reverend John Richardson, with drawings by James Henry Nixon (1843). It was also described in Disraeli's Endymion.
Lord Eglinton married, firstly, the Hon. Theresa Newcomen, daughter of Thomas Gleadowe-Newcomen, 2nd Viscount Newcomen and Harriet Holland, in 1841. Theresa Newcomen was born in Calcutta on an unknown date, and died on 16 December 1853 at Eglintoun Castle.
They had the following children:
- Lady Egida Montgomerie (d. 13 January 1880)
- Archibald Montgomerie, 14th Earl of Eglinton (3 December 1841 - 30 August 1892)
- Hon. Seton Montolieu Montgomerie (15 May 1846 - 26 November 1883)
- George Montgomerie, 15th Earl of Eglinton (23 February 1848 - 10 August 1919)
After Lady Theresa's death in December 1853 her widower married, secondly, the Hon. Adela, daughter of Arthur Capell, 6th Earl of Essex, in 1858. They had the following children:
- Lady Sybil Amelia Montgomerie (d. 3 February 1932)
- Lady Hilda Rose Montgomerie (d. 18 June 1928)
Lady Adela died in December 1860, aged only 32. Lord Eglinton survived her by less than a year and died in October 1861, aged 49. He was succeeded by his eldest son Archibald.
- Eglinton Country Park
- Eglinton Tournament Bridge
- Anderson, William (1877). "The Scottish Nation: Or, The Surnames, Families, Literature, Honours, and Biographical History of the People of Scotland". A. Fullarton & co. p. 125. http://books.google.com/books?id=zyYNAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA125&lpg=PA125&dq=Archibald+Montgomerie,+14th+Earl+of+Eglinton&source=web&ots=w_Ea4EpxAF&sig=V_GK6CevHZ3Ur5ibbtbHUmIl_iM&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=10&ct=result. Retrieved 2008-11-13.
- Sir William Fraser, Memorials of the Montgomeries, Earls of Eglinton (1859).
- This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.