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Barrel Racing Horse

 

 

Barrel Racing HorseBarrel Racing Horse

 

Barrel Racing is a form of rodeo event that demands some of the most athletic horses and dedicated riders. Success can be defined in terms of financial earnings, or more simply, pattern completion and fastest time.

The sport in itself consists of horse and rider combining the horse's athletic ability and the superb horsemanship skills of the riders in order to safely and successfully maneuver their horses in a clover leaf pattern around three barrels (typically three fifty-five gallon metal barrels, but as long as the size and shape of the barrel is accurate, different material can be used.) placed in a triangle in the center of an arena. In timed rodeo events, the purpose is to make a run as fast as possible, often characterized as breakneck speed, while the time is being clocked either by an electric eye, (a device using a laser system to record times), or by an arena attendant or judge who manually takes the time using a keen eye and a flag to let a clocker know when to hit the timer stop; though this last method is primitive by today's standards.

The timer begins when horse and rider cross the start line, and ends when the barrel pattern has been successfully executed and horse and rider cross the finish line. The rider's time depends on several factors, most commonly the horse's physical and mental condition, the rider's horsemanship abilities, and the type of ground or footing (the quality, depth, content, etc. of the sand or dirt in the arena).

The Pattern:

Diagram of a Barrel Racing Course. Riders enter at the red line, circle around the 1st barrel, proceed to the 2nd barrel, and then continue on to the 3rd where they will complete the pattern and finally exit the course crossing the red line a second time. This pattern is often referred to as a "Cloverleaf" The pattern may also begin with the left barrel first.

Beginning a barrel race, the horse and rider will enter the arena at top speed, through the center entrance(or alley if in a rodeo arena). Once in the arena, the electronic timer beam is crossed, or broken, and begins to keep time.

The approach to the first barrel is a critical moment in the life of a successful pattern; the rider must rate their horse's speed at the right moment to enter the "pocket". The pocket is the term used to describe the area around the barrel in which the horse should use to make the fastest possible turn. As the horse sets up to take the turn, the rider must be in position as well, which entails sitting deeply in the saddle, using one hand on the pommel to keep themselves steady and still, the other hand to guide the horse through and around the barrel turn. The rider's legs will be held closely to the horses sides; the leg to the inside of the turn should be held securely along the girth to support the horse's rib cage and give them a focal point for the turn. The athleticism required for this maneuvering comes from optimum physical fitness of the rider and especially the horse. Improper preparation for such a sport can cause injury to both. Injury can be avoided by using the proper protection for both horse and rider.(i.e. protective boots for the horses legs or a back brace for the rider.)

The rider will be looking through the turn and now focused on the second barrel, which is across the area. Now the horse and rider will go around the barrel in the opposite direction, following the exact same procedure just switching to the opposite limbs. Next, running toward the backside of the arena(opposite of entrance), and up the middle, they are aiming for the third and final barrel that they must turn, in the same direction as the second barrel was taken. All the while racing against the timer. Completing the third and final turn sends them "heading for home", which represents crossing the timer beam once more.

From the finish of the third barrel turn, the horse and rider have a straight shot back down the center of the arena; which means they must stay between the two other barrels. Once the timer is crossed, the clock stops to reveal their race time. Now the "clover-leaf" pattern, the three barrels set in a triangle formation, is completed. Standard barrel racing patterns call for a precise distance between the start line and the first barrel, from the first to the second barrel, and from the second to the third barrel. The pattern from every point of the cloverleaf will have a precisely measured distance from one point to the next.

Usually the established distances are as follows:

    * 90 feet between barrel 1 and 2.
    * 105 feet between barrel 1 and 3 and between 2 and 3.
    * 60 feet from barrels 1 and 2 to score line.

Note: In a standard WPRA pattern, the score line begins at the plane of arena, meaning from fence to fence regardless of the position of the electric eye or timer.

In larger arenas, there is a maximum allowable distance of 105 feet between barrels 1 and 2; and a maximum distance of 120 feet between barrels 2 and 3, and 1 and 3. Barrels 1 and 2 must be at least 18 feet from the sides of the arena--in smaller arenas this distance may be less, but in no instance should the barrels be any closer than 15 feet from the sides of the arena.

Barrel 3 should be no closer than 25 feet to the end of the arena, and should be set no more than 15 feet longer than the first and second barrel. If arena size permits, barrels must be set 60 feet or further apart. In small arenas it is recommended the pattern be reduced proportionately to a standard barrel pattern.

The above pattern is the set pattern for the Women’s Professional Rodeo Association (WPRA), and The National Intercollegiate Rodeo Association (NIRA).

The National Barrel Horse Association (NBHA) use the following layout for governing patterns:

    * A minimum of 15 feet between each of the first two barrels and the side fence.
    * A minimum of 30 feet between the third barrel and the back fence.
    * A minimum of 30 feet between the time line and the first barrel.

Rules

Since barrel racing has no judges, it is not under any subjective points of view; it's just a race against the clock and the horse and rider against themselves to become better. The fastest time will win. During a run it's possible, and probable, that a barrel racing duo will hit a barrel and knock it down. Most commonly the barrel is struck either with the horse's shoulder or with the rider's leg. WPRA Rules govern that when a barrel is hit, the rider shall be assessed a five second penalty in addition to their run time. Going "off pattern" means the horse and rider have: turned a barrel in the wrong direction, lost forward motion, run past a barrel, or, on the trip back to the timer from the third barrel, gone outside of the other two barrels. These faults will result in disqualification for a no time.

Barrel racing is a sport that developed just as most other rodeo events did, with no set of set rules. Since its beginnings, the sport has developed over the years into a highly organized and generally more exciting yet governed sport. Several organizations can be considered the "elite" of barrel racing. The first and foremost, is probably the one most Americans have had the chance to witness on ESPN or some other sports broadcast at some point in time, The Women's Professional Rodeo Association (WPRA) has been the main sanctioning body of professional women rodeo athletes.

The WPRA was developed in 1948 by a group of women from Texas who were looking to make a home for themselves and women in general in the sport of rodeo. When it initially began, the WPRA was called the Girls Rodeo Association (GRA). It consisted of only 74 members with as little as 60 approved tour events. Today, the WPRA boasts a total of over 800 sanctioned tour events with an annual payout of more than a three million dollars. The WPRA is divided into 12 divisional circuits. Average and overall winners from their circuit will compete for Divisional Tour (DT) Finals.

Other Bodies:

    * PWBR  - Professional Women's Barrel Racing
    * NBHA  - National Barrel Horse Association
    * NIRA  - National Intercollegiate Rodeo Association
    * NHSRA - National High School Rodeo Association
    * NLBRA - National Little Britches Rodeo Association (National Junior Rodeo)
    * BBR   - Better Barrel Races

Statistics

Though not much information is available on the statistics of barrel racing, it can be inferred that barrel racing in the United States is becoming a common enterprise, and is one of the fastest growing sports among women in the country. Not only does barrel racing not have an age limit, but barrel racing is open to both sexes. Both men and women can compete in Barrel Racing, however, certain governing bodies of the sport such as the Women's Professional Rodeo Association (WPRA) and Professional Women's Barrel Racing (PWBR) are maintained for women only. Therefore, a man would not be eligible to compete at the National Finals Rodeo (NFR) under current rules. The National Barrel Racing Association (NBHA), does however, allow men to compete at high levels of competition.

Barrel Racing has come a long way from the days of the Girls Rodeo Association (GRA). Costs for the purchase of a high caliber barrel racer can currently reach well over the $60,000 mark depending on the ability and individuality of the horse. While breeding plays a huge role in the sale price of a horse, athletic ability, intelligence, drive, and willingness to please also “make or break” the sale of a horse.

History of Barrel Racing

Barrel racing originally developed as an event for women. While their husbands roped or rode bulls and broncs, the women barrel raced. Not much is known about the exact dates and details of barrel racing developments. It is believed that Barrel Racing first saw competitive light in the state of Texas. The Girls Rodeo Association (GRA), instituted in 1949, was the first body of rodeo developed specifically for women. Women were allowed to compete in several events of rodeo. The GRA eventually officially became the WPRA in 1981, and the WPRA still allows women to compete in the various rodeo events as they like, but barrel racing remains the most popular event of competition.

Athletes

    * Kay Blandford
    * Charmayne James
    * Jackie Dube
    * Mary Burger
    * Kelly Kaminski
    * Kelly Maben
    * Janet Stover
    * Fallon Taylor
    * Sharon Camarillo
    * Martha Josey
    * Cheri Cervi
    * Molly Powell
    * Kristie Peterson owner of Bozo
    * Taelor Furry
    * Tanya & Tyrney Steinhoff
    * Shane Johnston
    * Kelsea Graham

Current WPRA Pro Tour Leading Ladies

    * Debbie Miller
    * Debbie Cooley
    * Allison Herron
    * Tayla Costa
    * Alanah Galford
    * Chelsie Banister
    * McKenzie Brower
    * Sherry Cervi
    * Amanda Clayman
    * Jackie Dube
    * Brandie Halls
    * June Holeman
    * Kelly Kaminski
    * Darlene Kasper
    * Tammy Key
    * Terri Kaye Kirkland
    * Sabrina Lay
    * Jolee Lautaret
    * Shali Lord
    * Kelly Maben
    * Megan McLeod
    * Rose Miller
    * Rachael Myllymaki
    * Liz Pinkston
    * Molly Powell
    * Brittany Pozzi
    * Maegan Reichert
    * Deb Renger
    * Paula Seay
    * Sheri Sinor Estrada
    * Lizzie Green [Black Bacardie]
    * Melanie Southard
    * Janet Stover
    * Delores Toole
    * Linda Vick
    * Barbra West

Stallions, Mares and Geldings with Major or Notable Contributions to Barrel Racing

    * Tobey the Terrible (G)
    * Lookin For Cowgirls (G)
    * Texan (G)
    * Spot (S)
    * Firewater Flit (S)
    * Letta


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