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Bay Ronald

Bay Ronald (3)
Sire Hampton
Dam Black Duchess
Grandsire Lord Clifden
Damsire Galliard
Gender Stallion
Foaled 1893
Country Great Britain
Color Bay
Breeder Mr. T. Phillips
Owner Sir Leonard Brassey
Trainer Tom Jennings, Jr.
Record 26: 5-1-2
Earnings £6,443
Bay Ronald (3) is a thoroughbred racehorse out of Black Duchess by Hampton. He was born around 1893 in Great Britain, and was bred by Mr. T. Phillips.
Major wins
Limekiln Stakes (1896)
Lowther Stakes (1896)
Hardwicke Stakes (1897)
City and Suburban Handicap (1898)
Epsom Gold Cup (1898)
Horse (Equus ferus caballus)

Bay Ronald, Foaled 3 May 1893, at Leybourne Grange Stud in Kent, England) was a Thoroughbred racehorse that had a huge impact on the breeding of sport horses, mainly through his son Dark Ronald and grandson Teddy, and also carried on his lines in the Thoroughbred racing world, through his son Bayardo. He appears in the pedigrees of many dressage, show jumping, and eventing horses today.



The sire of Bay Ronald, Hampton, also sired four classic winners: Ayrshire, Merry Hampton, Reve d'Or, and Ladas (who won the Epsom Derby). His dam Black Duchess only won one small race, but she did produce Black Cherry who was the dam of Cherry Lass (1,000 Guineas and Epsom Oaks), Blanche (the dam of Blandford) and Jean's Folly (dam of Night Hawk, winner of the St Leger).[1] Bay Ronald's dam-sire, Galliard, won the 2,000 Guineas.

Racing career

As a two-year-old, Bay Ronald started five times, finishing third in one race. As a three-year-old, he started eight times, winning two races: the Limekiln Stakes (one mile) and the Lowther Stakes (1½ miles) held at Newmarket Racecourse.

At four, he had one win out of six starts, at the 1½ mile Hardwicke Stakes. He also placed second at the Champion Stakes, and third in the Eclipse Stakes. As a five-year-old he improved slightly, winning two out of seven starts: the City and Suburban Handicap (1¼ miles) and the Epsom Gold Cup, carrying 132 pounds. Urged by thus success, his owner decided to enter him in the 2½ mile Ascot Gold Cup. However, the distance was too great, and he did not finish well. Despite this, Bay Ronald came out the next day to place second in the Hardwicke Stakes. The 1889 season was to be his last on the track.

Bay Ronald had a moderate racing career. In his 26 starts he won five times and placed three times. He was retired to stud having won £6,443.[2]

Breeding career

Bay Ronald first stood at Preston Farm in 1899. Due to his rather unimpressive record, his stud fee for the first season was 25 guineas, and free to mares who had already produced winners. During his time at stud in England, he bred few mares—less than 20 each year—and they were generally of poor quality. Later, his stud fee would reach 100 guineas.

Five of his first crop of foals went on to win as two-year-olds. His second crop included the Rous Memorial Stakes winner, Wild Oats, and six other winners. One of these winners was MacDonald II, a colt out of a French mare, who went on to be quite successful.

Bay Ronald's third crop, who began racing in 1905, were less impressive. However, it was at this time that his son, MacDonald II, began to show his talent. He left behind his fourth crop, including then-yearling Dark Ronald, and fifth crop, which produced his son, Bayardo, when he left for Cheri Halbronn's stud. Bay Ronald was placed second and third on the sires list before being sold for £5,000 to France.[2]

In France, Bay Ronald produced some good horses, including Combourg, Greffulhe, Fidia and also Rondeau, the dam of the influential Teddy.[2]

Bay Ronald tended to pass on his stoutness. He was the most influential of the Hampton sons, and his offspring continued the Hampton sire line.


  • Dark Ronald: a very influential son of Bay Ronald, sire of Son-In-Law, who is found in the pedigrees of many top sport horses in the world today.
  • Rondeau: dam of the stallion Teddy, who was very influential in Germany, France, Britain, the USA, and Italy.
  • Many other fillies by Dark Ronald went on to notable success.

Sport horse breeding

Bay Ronald had the greatest influence on the sport horse breeding industry through his son Dark Ronald and grandson Teddy. Overall, the number of top sport horses who feature him in their lineage is spectacular. He is especially prominent in sport horses of Thoroughbred breeding, such as many of the top eventers.

Teddy is seen in the pedigrees of Matcho AA, and eventers Dr. Peaches, and The Gray Goose.

Dark Ronald is seen in the pedigrees of World Cup I, and his brothers, the Hanoverian Werther (in which Dark Ronald appears twice), the great Pik As, Valentino xx, Waidmannsdank xx, Lord, Son-in-Law (great grand-sire to Cottage Son), and Ladykiller xx (who has had a fantastic influence on the Holstein breed). Cor de la Bryere and Landgraf I were also linebred to him. Dark Ronald is also featured in the pedigrees of Furioso, Beau Pere (progeny include international jumpers White Lightning and Encore (winner of the Grand Prix at Fontainebleau and a USET team member), eventer Landlady, two-time American invitational winner Sundancer, Canadian equestrian team member Easy Doc, and British equestrian team member Turn on the Sun), Der Loewe (in the pedigree of such horses as Salinero, Arko, and Brentina), and dressage stallion Bolero (sire of Brentano II, grand-sire of Poetin and Brentina). Top eventers with Dark Ronald include Shear Leau and Bally Cor (both through Son-in-Law).

Through his son Bayardo, Bay Ronald also had an influence on sport horse breeding. Bayardo produced English Triple Crown winner Gainsborough, who sired the small colt Hyperion. Hyperion is found in the pedigrees of many sport horses, including the show jumpers Carling King, Jet Run, Pan American silver medalist A Little Bit, Encore (who also went back to Bay Ronald through Dark Ronald), Canadian equestrian team horse Stoic, Anne Kursinski's jumper Eros, and USET jumper Aberali. Hyperion's dressage offspring include Pion, and the influential sire Lauries Crusador (who produced 2000 World Young Dressage Horse Champion Laurentianer, and Londonderry, winner of the jumping class for 4-year-olds at the 1999 at the Bundeschampionate). He is also in the pedigree of eventers Charisma, Winsome Adante, Eagle Lion, Biko, and Sandrift, and the great sire of eventers Ben Faerie (sire of Priceless and Walk on Star, dam-sire of Primmore's Pride).

Both Bayardo and Teddy are seen in the pedigrees of many horses, many times through the stallion Djebel. These horses include Bolero (sire of Brentano II, Brentina, and many others) and My Babu (grandsire of eventer JJ Babu and many others). Bayardo and Teddy are also seen in the pedigree of Might Tango. Both Dark Ronald and Teddy are seen in the pedigree of Donnerwetter (the sire of the enormously influential Donnerhall) as well as the influential stallion Rantzau.

All three are seen in the pedigree of the great eventer Prince Panache (through Son-in-Law and My Babu), and the pedigree of Tamarillo has Bay Ronald featured almost 30 times, mostly through Bayardo and Teddy, but also through Dark Ronald and Macdonald.

Pedigree of Bay Ronald (3) B.h. 1893
br. 1872
Lord Clifden
br. 1860
br. 1848
The Slave
br. 1852
Lady Langden
br. 1868
ch. 1858
dkb/br. 1847
Queen Mary
Black Duchess
br. 1886
b. 1880
br. 1872
Flying Duchess
ch. 1874
Black Corrie
blk. 1879
br. 1868
Wild Dayrell mare (3)
b. 1861
Wild Dayrell
Lady Lurewell


  1. Leicester, Sir Charles, Bloodstock Breeding, J.A. Allen & Co, London, 1969
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Ahnert, Rainer L. (editor in chief), Thoroughbred Breeding of the World, Pozdun Publishing, Germany, 1970

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