|Owner||1st Duke of Westminster|
|Earnings||US$90,304 (£ equivalent)|
|Bend Or is a thoroughbred racehorse out of Rouge Rose by Doncaster. He was born around 1877 in Great Britain, and was bred by Eaton Stud.|
Chesterfield Stakes (1879)|
Richmond Stakes (1879)
Rous Memorial Stakes (1879)
Prince of Wales's Stakes (York) (1879)
Epsom Derby (1880)
St. James's Palace Stakes (1880)
City and Suburban Handicap (1881)
Epsom Gold Cup (1881)
Champion Stakes (1881)
Leading broodmare sire in Britain & Ireland|
|Horse (Equus ferus caballus)|
|Last updated on 6 November 2009|
Bend Or (1877–1903) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 1880 Epsom Derby. His regular jockey Fred Archer, winner of thirteen consecutive British jockey titles, said Bend Or was probably the greatest horse he had ever ridden.
Bred and foaled at the 1st Duke of Westminster's Eaton Stud, Bend Or grew to be a large stallion but was noted for his unusual docility. He was sired by Doncaster, a son of Stockwell, from the mare, Rouge Rose by Thormanby. Thormanby won the 1860 Epsom Derby and the 1861 Ascot Gold Cup and was in 1869 the leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland.
Racing at age two, Bend Or went undefeated in his five starts. At age three he also raced five times, starting the season by defeating Robert the Devil by a head in England's most prestigious race, the Epsom Derby. Following his Derby win, a challenge to his pedigree was lodged that although dismissed, would forever remain the subject of controversy. Bend Or won his second start in 1880, the St. James's Palace Stakes but had to be given a few months rest due to shin problems exacerbated in his Derby win. The injury affected him for most of the remainder of the year as was evident in his first loss when he returned to racing for September's St. Leger Stakes. After finishing fifth behind winner Robert the Devil in the St. Leger, Bend Or was second to him again in the Great Foal Stakes and in the Champion Stakes.
Returning to the track at age four, Bend Or won the 1881 City and Suburban Handicap at Epsom Downs then avenged his previous year's losses, beating arch rival Robert the Devil in the Epsom Gold Cup. He won the 1881 Champion Stakes but was bothered by a return of shin soreness. Carrying top weight of eight pounds more that the next weighted horse, Bend Or next finished fifth in the Cambridgeshire Handicap. He was then retired to breeding duties at his owner's Eaton Stud.
Bend Or had white flecks on his chestnut coat, and like his damsire Thormanby, had black spots on his neck, shoulder, and on his quarters. These markings often showed up in his progeny and is referred to as Bend Or spotting.
Standing at Eaton Stud, Bend Or sired two British Classic Races winners:
- Bona Vista, 2,000 Guineas and also
- Fairy Gold (GB) exported to America and dam of the good horse Fair Play, sire of Man o' War (ch c 1917), and the Belmont Stakes winner Friar Rock (ch c 1913 Rock Sand).
- Kendal, exported to Argentina and a successful sire there
- Martagon, won Ascot Gold Vase, the Goodwood Cup and was a successful sire
- Ornament, her descendants include the Derby winner Relko, Craig an Eran and Chateaugay.
In addition, Bend Or was twice the leading broodmare sire in Britain before his death at age twenty-six in January 1903. He was the damsire of Sceptre, winner of four classics in 1902. Important descendants include the champion sire, Phalaris, The Tetrarch, voted Britain's two-year-old of the 20th Century, and the New Zealand bred and international racing star, Phar Lap. Bend Or was also the grandsire of the great American sprinter, Roseben.