Black Jack (horse)
A coal-black Morgan-American Quarter Horse cross, Black Jack served in the Caisson Platoon of the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard). Named in honor of General John J. (Black Jack) Pershing, he was the riderless horse in more than 1,000 Armed Forces Full Honors Funerals (AFFHF), the majority of which were in Arlington National Cemetery. With boots reversed in the stirrups, he was a symbol of a fallen leader.
Black Jack was foaled January 19, 1947, and came to Fort Myer from the Cavalry remount station at Fort Reno, Oklahoma, on November 22, 1952. Black Jack had the honor of being the last of the Quartermaster–issue horses branded with the Army's U.S. brand (on the left shoulder) and his Army serial number 2V56 (on the left side of his neck).
Black Jack served a long and respectable military career. Among the highlights were that he participated in four state funerals:
- John F. Kennedy (1963)
- Herbert Hoover (1964)
- Lyndon B. Johnson (1973)
- Five-star general:
- Douglas MacArthur (1964)
Death and burial
Black Jack died after a 29-year dedicated, dignified military career on February 6, 1976. He was cremated, with his remains laid to rest in a plot at Fort Myer, Virginia, on Summerall Field; his final resting place lies 200 feet (60 m) northeast of the flagpole in the southeast corner of the parade field. He is one of only two horses in United States history to be buried with Full Military Honors, the other being Comanche.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "The Old Guard - 1/3 Battalion HHC Caisson Platoon". Army.mil. http://www.army.mil/info/organization/unitsandcommands/commandstructure/theoldguard/specplt/caisson.htm. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
- ↑ "The Last Salute: Civil and Military Funeral, 1921-1969 - Chapter 23 - The Last Salute". history.army.mil. 24 May 2005. http://www.history.army.mil/books/Last_Salute/ch23.htm. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- ↑ Belcher, Nancy Hoyt (July–August 2004). "Guarding History and Tradition". EnCompass 78 (4). http://www.aaa.com/aaa/006/EnCompass/2004/jun/jun_GuardingHistory.html.
- Black Jack's burial site is at coordinates Template:Coord/input/dec