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Blue Papered Horse

Blue Papered HorseBlue Papered Horse


A "blue papered" horse is one whose ancestry shows names and  registration numbers at least 4 generations back including their own name and number. A fourth generation, (or blue papered) foal may be obtained by breeding a registered mare that is at least 3 generations, including herself, to a registered stallion who is also at least 3 generations.   A horse that is registered with 3 generations of  recorded registered ancestory is considered a "brown papered" horse.

Blue papered: 

“Blue papered” refers to a horse’s traceable bloodlines.  In order to be blue papered, a filly or colt must be fourth generation; that is, the past three generations in their bloodlines must be fully and permanently registered with the Missouri Fox Trotting Horse Breed Association.
Their off-spring will automatically, upon registration, be fourth generation foals and have "blue papers". Blue papered stallions require no inspection for breeding purposes. Non-blue papered stallions must first be inspected by 2 inspectors before their foals are eligible for registration.


“Collection” refers to a horse’s way of carrying himself. Ideally a horse travels in a “rounded” shape, with the muscles of the topline lengthened and the muscles of the bottom line shortened.  The energy which propels the horse is generated in the hindquarters so that the horse pushes off with his rear, rather than the forehand more or less dragging the rest of the body along with it. This produces a beautiful and light way of going which maximizes energy and minimizes impact.


The term “conformation” refers to how a horse is built. The Missouri Fox Trotter should be between fourteen and sixteen hands in height. The neck should be graceful, in proportion to the length of the body, and well-joined at its base. The head should be well-shaped, with neat, pointed ears, a tapered muzzle, and large, intelligent eyes. The back should be reasonably short and strong, with a deep and well-ribbed torso. The shoulders should be properly sloped and well-muscled. 



There are "general gaits" common to all horses such as: walk, trot, canter, gallop, and run.  However, there are also "specialized gait-attributes" associated with many breeds:


The Missouri Fox Trotter is known for its "fox trot" .  The "fox trot"  is a four beat diagonal gait.  The horse walks in front and trots behind, with reach in each stride. It is a very rhythmic gait, with a distinct sound when performed on a hard surface.   The rear feet seem to slide, which gives the gait its characteristic smoothness.  The rider experiences a glide rather than the jarring action of a trot, and can be comfortable in the saddle for long periods of time.  This, and the Missouri Fox Trotter’s legendary surefootedness, is why many of the United States Forest Service rangers have taken to riding Missouri Fox Trotters.


The term “homozygous” refers to a dominant genetic trait which guarantees that all offspring off a tobiano patterned horse will be tobiano, regardless of the color of the other parent. This trait makes the homozygous parent a very valuable addition to a breeding program where tobiano coloring is desired. There is no direct genetic testing for tobiano spotting. However, where both parents are tobiano, the presence of secondary body spotting (so-called “ink spots” “paw prints” or “cat tracks”) in the tobiano offspring strongly suggests homozygosity.


Imprint training refers to a window of opportunity that exists shortly after a foal is born, during which it is extraordinarily receptive to new sights, sounds and experiences.  If a foal is gently handled during this period it will permanently remember it’s first, positive associations with humans.  This early handling sets the stage for later training.

Natural horsemanship: 

This is a broad term which refers to a manner of interacting with a horse that is based on the horse’s natural instincts. In essence, it focuses on the nature of the horse as a basis for training, rather than as something which needs to be overcome. Today the most popular and well-respected trainers all teach some variant of natural horsemanship, with an emphasis on partnership with the horse rather than dominance.

Single-foot gait: 

Understanding gaits can be very complicated; the best explanation we’ve seen is in an article by Lee Ziegler called “Identifying the Symmetrical Gaits of Horses or What IS that horse doing?” Summarizing a very complex subject in a very simple explanation: with gaited horses the moment of suspension you get in a true or “hard” trot (and the following impact when the next set of hooves comes down) is avoided because one foot of each diagonal pair “breaks over” early. Because there is always a “single foot” on the ground, there is no moment of suspension, and thus no impact.      


The tobiano spotting pattern is controlled by a dominant gene.  It is characterized by white across the spine, extending downward between the legs and tail.  The head is dark, with white markings similar to that of a solid colored horse. Usually all four legs are white below the hocks and knees. The tail may be two colors, a characteristic rarely seen in horses that are not tobiano. A tobiano horse can be either predominantly dark or white.


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