|Country of origin:||Template:BIH|
|Horse (Equus ferus caballus)|
The Bosnian Pony bears many similarities to both the Hucul and the Konik breeds of pony, and the triad is generally known collectively as the Balkan breeds. The breeds are all considered ancient, and the Bosnian Pony is thought to have developed through a cross between the Tarpan and the Asian Wild Horse, also known as the Przewalski horse.
It is thought that there were infusions of oriental stock by the Turks during the Ottoman Empire, after which more Tarpan blood was added to make the modern Bosnian Pony breed.
Beginning in the 1900's, the Bosnian Pony has been selectively bred through government-controlled breeding programs. The principle breeding center for many years was the Borike Stud in Bosnia. The state controlled all breeding stallions, while mares were privately owned. During the 1940s three stallions, Agan, Barat, and Misco, were used to improve the breed. Agan and Barat resembled the Asian Wild Horse type, while Misco was a lighter type.
Until the Bosnian War, there were strict standards, including performance tests, for stallions in order to assure the quality of the breed. This strict control resulted in a pony that was functional and had a variety of uses.
The Bosnian Pony generally stands 12.1 to 14 hands high, and may be bay, brown, black, gray, chestnut or palomino in color. They have a heavy head with a straight profile, a short, muscular neck, fairly flat withers, long, sloping shoulders, and a deep chest. The back is straight and the quarters sloping. The legs are well-muscled, although short, with clean, broad joints and strong tendons.
The breed bears a strong resemblance to the Asian Wild Horse, although more refined due to the influence of oriental blood.
The Bosnian Pony is used for many things, including light farm and draft work, packing, and riding. They are frequently used as pack animals in rough terrain unsuited for motorized vehicles. They are hardy and tough, and generally docile in temperament, making them easy to handle and ride.