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Burchell's Zebra

Burchell's Zebra
File:Zebras etoscha.jpg
Etosha National Park, Namibia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Genus: Equus
Subgenus: Hippotigris
Species: E. quagga
Subspecies: E. q. burchellii
Trinomial name
Equus quagga burchellii
Gray, 1824

Burchell's Zebra (Equus quagga burchellii) is a southern subspecies of the Plains Zebra.

Contents

Characteristics

Burchell's Zebra is the most common type of zebrid mammal with a white/black coloring. The Chapman's variety of the plains zebra can be distinguished from Burchell's zebra by the presence of black and white to confuse their predators.[1]

File:Burchell's zebra, front.jpg
Front view, Kruger Park, South Africa

Range

Formerly Burchell's zebra ranged north of the Vaal/Orange river system, extending northwest via southern Botswana to Etosha and the Kaokoveld, southeast to Swaziland and Kwazulu-Natal. Now extinct in the middle portion, it survives at the northwestern and southeastern ends of the distribution.[2]

Not extinct

Like other plains zebras, Burchell's Zebras must have populated the African plains in impressive numbers. Associations of thousands have been reported. The wild herds were thought to have disappeared by 1910, and the last known captive individual died in the Berlin Zoo in 1918. As European settlement spread northward from the Cape to colonial southern Rhodesia, this subspecies was thought to have been hunted to extinction.

However, Groves and Bell concluded in their 2004[3] publication that "the extinct true Burchell's zebra" is a phantom. Careful study of the original zebra populations in Zululand and Swaziland, and of skins harvested on game farms in Zululand and Natal, has revealed that a certain small proportion shows similarity to what now is regarded as typical burchelli. The type localities of the subspecies Equus quagga burchellii and Equus quagga antiquorum (Damara Zebra) are so close to each other that the two are in fact one, and that therefore the older of the two names should take precedence over the younger. They therefore say that the correct name for the southernmost subspecies must be burchellii not antiquorum. The subspecies Equus quagga burchellii still exists in Kwazulu-Natal and in Etosha.

References

  1. Burchell's Zebra, Ultimate Field Guide
  2. Burchell's Zebra, Website of Everything
  3. Groves, C.P. & Bell, H.B. 2004. New investigations on the taxonomy of the zebras genus Equus, subgenus Hippotigris. Mammalian Biology. 69: 182-196.


  • Duncan, P. (ed.). 1992. Zebras, Asses, and Horses: an Action Plan for the Conservation of Wild Equids. IUCN/SSC Equid Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
  • Maas, P. 2005. Burchell's Zebra - Equus quagga burchellii. The Extinction Website. Downloaded on 21 January 2006.

External links



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