Jump to: navigation, search

Byelorussian Harness (horse)


Byelorussian Harness
Country of origin: Belarus
Horse (Equus ferus caballus)


The Byelorussian Harness horse breed was formed on the basis of the native northern forest-type horses improved by the Dole Gudbrandsdal (from Norway), Ardennes and Brabancon breeds. The Dole influence was the strongest.

Contents

Characteristics

It is a medium-sized horse with the characteristic conformation of a harness horse. The head is not large, the forehead wide, the neck well-muscled and average in length, the withers average in height and length, the back long, flat and often slightly dipped. The loin is flat and short, the croup wide, nicely rounded and well-muscled with a normal slope, the chest wide and deep. The limbs are clean and solid. The mane and tail are thick but the fetlock tufts are small.

The stallions' measurements (in cm) are: height at withers 153, oblique body length 163, chest girth 184, cannon bone girth 21.5. Live weight is 540 kg. The mares measure 150, 161, 183 and 21 cm respectively. Their live weight is 490–500 kg. The colors are dun, bay, chestnut and light bay.

Subcategories

Two types, the large and the medium, are distinguished within the breed. There are six lines and four mare families. The leading breeding centers are Zarechye stud and the stud on Pobeda state farm in Belarus.

Improvement is by pure breeding. Two volumes of the studbook have been published, listing 135 stallions and 616 brood mares. A new line is currently being tested.

Uses

Long-term interbreeding of various generations of crosses created a breed most suitable for the current requirements of Byelorussian agriculture. The horse has adapted well to work in wooded areas with swampy and sandy soils. It can also be used for milk and meat production.

The mares' average daily milk yield is 9 liters. At established koumiss farms, the best mares produce 2,560 liters of marketable milk in a six-month lactation. The dressing percentage is 51. Despite the fact that the Byelorussian matures late, by weaning at 6–7 months, the foals reach a live weight of 170–190 kg. The Byelorussian has high fertility and longevity. Mares have often remained fertile to the age of 26.

Performance results

The top performance results are: the 2 km walking record with a pull of 150 kg is 14 min 42 sec; the 2 km trotting record with a pull of 50 kg is 5 min 01 sec. The best pulling endurance result with a pull of 300 kg was 388.8 m. The maximum load capacity has reached 660 kg.




Share

Premier Equine Classifieds

Subscribe

Subscribe to our newsletter and keep abreast of the latest news, articles and information delivered directly to your inbox.

Did You Know?

Modern horse breeds developed in response to a need for "form to function", the necessity to develop certain physical characteristics in order to perform a certain type of work... More...


The Gypsy Cob was originally bred to be a wagon horse and pulled wagons or caravans known as Vardos; a type of covered wagon that people lived in... More...


Archaeological evidence indicates that the Arabian horse bloodline dates back 4,500 years. Throughout history, Arabian horses spread around the world by both war and trade.... More...


That the term "Sporthorse" is a term used to describe a type of horse rather than any particular breed... More...