|Alternative names:||Caballo Castellano|
|Country of origin:||Spain|
|Castilian Horse Breeders International:||Breed standards|
|Horse (Equus ferus caballus)|
The Castilian Horse, or Caballo Castellano, is a finely gaited palfrey-type horse that originated from the Kingdom of Castile (now known as Spain).
The Castilian Horse is not a large horse, the very best specimens standing no more than 14.3 hands high (59 inches (1.50 m)), with the average being 14 to 14.2 hands (56 to 58 inches (1.42 to 1.47 m)). More than any other characteristic, the way of moving defines the Castilian Horse. Its signature gait, the Paso Castellano ('Castilian Walk'), is a broken pace that begins with the legs on each side moving forward simultaneously. Unlike a pure pace, the rear foot is placed down before the front resulting in a four-beat cadence differing slightly from an isochronal (1, 2, 3, 4) to near a pace (1, 2...3, 4).
The Castilian horse has a balanced conformation, the length of the legs approximately equalling the depth of the body, measured at the girth. It is not a color-driven breed; all common colors are acceptable and chestnut, black, brown, bay, buckskin, palomino, gray, roan or dun colors are seen, with solid colors, grays and dark skin considered most desirable. The mane and forelock are lustrous, fine and abundant.