|Country of origin:||Catalonia, Northeastern Spain|
|Horse (Equus ferus caballus)|
The Catalan donkey, ruc català (Equus asinus) is the local donkey of Catalonia (North eastern Spain).
The Catalan donkey is a subspecies of the donkeys from which the donkeys of the middle east and Europe originated. The Catalan donkey is related to the donkey of Mallorca and the zamorà-lleonès donkey. The race is considered to be very old, Pliny the Elder mentioned that there were donkeys on the plain of Vic.
In the past the donkey was very important on farms but due to declining use and numbers the Catalan donkey was in danger of extinction. There once were as many as 50.000, but these days there are only about 500 left, of which more than a 100 outside Catalonia.
After winning several shows and contests, the Catalan donkey is called 'the best donkey in the world', especially for pulling carts and as pack animal.
It is one of the base races of the donkey of Mallorca and the North African donkey. Its properties have contributed to improving donkey races elsewhere in the world.
- Height: ca. 1,65 m from feet to head. It is one of the tallest kind of donkeys.
- Weight: a full grown donkey can weigh up to 500 kg.
- Fur: in summer short and black hair all over the body up to its mouth, white from the eyes and on the belly. In winter longer chestnut colored hair all over the body.
- Ears: straight and pointy.
- Food: grass.
- Habitat: forests.
Recently, advocats of Catalan nationalism have adopted the Catalan donkey as a symbol opposite the Toro de Osborne, typical for Castile and Andalusia.
There are also stickers for cars and scooters. A few people also do not regard the catalan donkey as a symbol of Catalunya, but only as a way to try ridicule the Castillian bull.
- Fuives - world center of the Catalan donkey