Charro (from basque Txarro: bad person, despicable) is a term referring to a traditional horseman from Mexico, originating in the central-western regions primarily in the state of Jalisco including: Zacatecas, Durango, Guanajuato, Morelos, Puebla. The terms Vaquero and Ranchero (Cowboy and Rancher) are similar to the Charro but different in culture, etiquette, mannerism, clothing, tradition and social status.
The traditional Mexican charro is known for colorful clothing and participating in coleadero y charreada, a specific type of Mexican rodeo. The charreada, or corrida, is the national sport in Mexico, and is regulated by the Federación Mexicana de Charrería.
The "charro film" was a genre of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema, and probably played a large role in popularizing the charro, akin to what occurred with the advent of the Hollywood Western. The most notable charro stars were José Alfredo Jiménez, Pedro Infante, Jorge Negrete, Antonio Aguilar, Vicente Fernandez.
Modern day Charros
In both Mexican and US states such as California, Texas, Illinois, Zacatecas, Jalisco, charros participate in tournaments to show off their skill either in team competition charreada, or in individual competition such as el coleadero. These events are practiced in a Lienzo charro. The lienzo charro can also become a circle used for bull ridding.
Modern day charros in Mexico are permitted to carry guns. In abidance with the current law the charro must be fully suited and be a full pledged member of Mexico's Federación Mexicana de Charrería.
In Mexican politics a charro, or líder charro ("charro leader") is a government-appointed union boss.
- Arte en la Charerria: The Artisanship of Mexican Equestrian Culture at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum, Oklahoma City