Jump to: navigation, search


A Russian Cossack performing dzhigitovka
File:Gagarin kurdsandtatars.JPG
Grigory Gagarin. Dzhigitovka of Kurds and Tatars in front of the Fortress of Sardarapat in Armenia. 1840s.

Dzhigit, also spelled as djigit or jigit, is a word of Turkic origin[1] which is used in the Caucasus to describe a skillful and brave equestrian,[2] or a brave person in general.

The derived term dzhigitovka (or dzhigiting) means the special style of trick riding, which originated in the Caucasus and Central Asia, and is also popular with Russian Cossacks, who adopted it from the people of Caucasus.[3] When performing dzhigitovka, the riders at full gallop stand up, jump to the ground and back to the saddle, pick up objects from the ground (such as coins, hats, etc), shoot targets with various weapons, ride hanging on the side or under the belly of the horse and do other acrobatic feats.[1]

Since the early 19th century dzhigitovka has been demonstrated in the circuses and horse sport competitions, and made its way to the popular Western culture, for instance Russian Cossacks demonstrated dzhigitovka as part of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show.[4] Dzhigitovka was also used in training of cavalry forces in the Russian Empire and USSR.

Dzhigitovka as a sport competition is performed on a horse galloping at the 360 m long and 10 m wide path. The exercises are divided into three groups by their complexity. Maximum points are given for exercises of the most complex third group. Dzhigitovka as a circus performance includes complex stunts usually performed by a group of riders.


A twin barreled variation of the Russian SA-18 Igla missile launcher is named "Djigit". [5]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Джигитовка
  2. Толковый словарь русского языка Ушакова
  3. Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary. Джигит
  4. Thomas M. Barrett. All the World's a Frontier: How Cossacks Became Cowboys
  5. Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces. DJIGIT (SA-18)

External links


Premier Equine Classifieds


Subscribe to our newsletter and keep abreast of the latest news, articles and information delivered directly to your inbox.

Did You Know?

Modern horse breeds developed in response to a need for "form to function", the necessity to develop certain physical characteristics in order to perform a certain type of work... More...

The Gypsy Cob was originally bred to be a wagon horse and pulled wagons or caravans known as Vardos; a type of covered wagon that people lived in... More...

Archaeological evidence indicates that the Arabian horse bloodline dates back 4,500 years. Throughout history, Arabian horses spread around the world by both war and trade.... More...

That the term "Sporthorse" is a term used to describe a type of horse rather than any particular breed... More...