|Country of origin:||Sardinia|
|Horse (Equus ferus caballus)|
Giara's Horse is a horse breed native to the island of Sardinia, Italy.
The origins of the Giara's Horse are uncertain, probably it was brought into the island of Sardinia by the Phoenicians or by the Greeks in the 5th or 4th century B.C. In the past, some theorized that it was a unique subspecies, Equus ferus giarae because of a Neolithic horse fossil dated 6000 B.C.
Habitat and Population
The total population is estimated around 700 individuals.
The horse was present all over in Sardinia until Medieval Times. Today it lives in a restricted area of Southern Sardinia, on a large basalt plateau called Giara Di Gesturi, at the height of 500-600 meters above sea level. The Giara's Plateau is an elevated area of land with a flat top and sides that are steep cliffs, the difficulties of access and the isolated location has protected the horse in the last centuries.
In the 20th century a low number of individuals were reintroducted in other regions of the island (Foresta Burgos, Regional Park of Monte Arci and the Regional Park of Capo Caccia, in Alghero). Recently the Istituto di Incremento Ippico della Sardegna in Ozieri, a Remount Station of the Sardinia Autonomous Government has crossed Giara Horses with Arabian Horses, Small Anglo Arabs and German Riding Ponies to create the Giarab, a new breed of ponies suited to equestrian Sports.
- Salvatore Colomo, La fauna della Sardegna vol. 1, 2008, Nuoro, Ed. Archivio Fotografico Nuoro. 74-85.