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Grand Prix de Paris

Group 1 race
Grand Prix de Paris
Location Longchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated 1863
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Sponsor Juddmonte
Website france-galop.com
Race information
Distance 2,400 metres (1½ miles)
Track Turf, right-handed
Qualification Three-year-olds
excluding geldings
Weight 58 kg
Allowances
1½ kg for fillies
Purse 600,000 (2009)
Distribution
1st: 57.14%, 2nd: 22.86%
3rd: 11.43%, 4th: 5.71%
5th: 2.86%

The Grand Prix de Paris is a Group 1 flat horse race in France which is open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,400 metres (about 1½ miles), and it is scheduled to take place each year in July.

Contents

History

The event was created by the Société d'Encouragement, a former governing body of horse racing in France. Its purpose was to serve as a showpiece in which the best home-bred three-year-olds could compete against international opponents. Its distance was originally set at 3,000 metres (about 1 mile and 7 furlongs). It was the country's first race to allow the participation of foreign horses, and the winner of the inaugural running, on May 31, 1863, was a British colt called The Ranger. The initial prize of 100,000 francs was raised by the Duc de Morny, who obtained half of the money from the Paris Municipal Council and an equal share of the remainder from each of the five main regional railway companies. During the early part of its history it was the richest and most prestigious event in French racing.

The Grand Prix de Paris was abandoned in 1871 because of the Franco-Prussian War. It was cancelled throughout World War I, with no running from 1915 to 1918. Its position as France's leading flat race was overtaken by the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe upon its launch in 1920. Due to World War II it was temporarily switched to an alternative venue, Le Tremblay, in 1943 and 1944.

The distance of the Grand Prix de Paris was extended to 3,100 metres in 1964. When the present system of race grading was introduced in 1971 the event was classed at the highest level, Group 1. It returned to 3,000 metres in 1978, but by this time such a long distance was perceived as excessive and outdated. A decline in quality was illustrated in 1986 when the event was won by Swink, a horse with no previous victories. To restore the race's reputation its length was shortened to 2,000 metres in 1987. It was sponsored by Louis Vuitton from 1988 to 1992, and the current sponsorship by Juddmonte Farms began in 2001.

Several changes were made in 2005 as part of a restructured race program for three-year-olds in France. The distance of the Grand Prix de Paris was increased to 2,400 metres, while that of the Prix du Jockey Club was cut to 2,100 metres. The time and date of the Grand Prix were also modified – having taken place previously on a Sunday afternoon in late June, it was moved to the evening of July 14, the French national holiday of Bastille Day.

Records

Speed record Chichicastenango

Leading jockey (6 wins):

  • Tom Lane – Stuart (1888), Fitz Roya (1890), Clamart (1891), Rueil (1892), Ragotsky (1893), Perth (1899)

Leading trainer (10 wins):

  • André FabreDancehall (1989), Subotica (1991), Homme de Loi (1992), Fort Wood (1993), Grape Tree Road (1996), Peintre Celebre (1997), Limpid (1998), Slickly (1999), Rail Link (2006), Cavalryman (2009)

Leading owner (7 wins):

  • Edmond Blanc – Nubienne (1879), Clamart (1891), Rueil (1892), Andree (1895), Arreau (1896), Quo Vadis (1903), Ajax (1904)

Winners since 1957

Year

Winner

Jockey

Trainer

Owner

Time
1957 Altipan Roger Poincelet Etienne Pollet Gérard Delloye 3:13.40
1958 San Roman Roger Poincelet Daniel Lescalle M. Lyon 3:12.96
1959 Birum Léon Flavien Max Bonaventure Bertrand Bélinguier 3:13.46
1960 Charlottesville George Moore Alec Head HH Aga Khan IV 3:19.80
1961 Balto Maxime Garcia Max Bonaventure André Rueff 3:10.14
1962 Armistice Jean Deforge John Cunnington, Jr. Mathieu Goudchaux 3:10.10
1963 Sanctus Roger Poincelet Etienne Pollet Jean Ternynck 3:12.70
1964 White Label Louis Heurteur Geoffroy Watson Guy de Rothschild 3:23.50
1965 Reliance Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet François Dupré 3:23.76
1966 Danseur Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet François Dupré 3:24.48
1967 Phaeton Léon Flavien Max Bonaventure Mrs Jean Stern 3:22.60
1968 Dhaudevi Freddy Head Robert Corme Mrs Georges Courtois 3:18.60
1969 Chaparral Freddy Head William Head Francine Weisweiller 3:19.80
1970 Roll of Honour Lester Piggott Richard Carver Earl A. Scheib 3:23.90
1971 Rheffic Bill Pyers François Mathet Mrs François Dupré 3:27.50
1972 Pleben Marcel Depalmas Geoffroy Watson Baron de Redé 3:23.60
1973 Tennyson Alfred Gibert Peter Head F. W. Burmann 3:17.70
1974 Sagaro Lester Piggott François Boutin Gerry Oldham 3:27.60
1975 Matahawk Robert Jallu Henri Van de Poële Mrs Edouard Stern 3:17.90
1976 Exceller Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet Nelson Bunker Hunt 3:20.50
1977 Funny Hobby Philippe Paquet Jacques de Chevigny Mrs T. J. Caralli 3:21.70
1978 Galiani Alain Lequeux Maurice Zilber André Ben Lassin 3:18.20
1979 Soleil Noir Henri Samani François Mathet Guy de Rothschild 3:21.70
1980 Valiant Heart Alfred Gibert Bernard Sécly André Michel 3:25.10
1981 Glint of Gold John Matthias Ian Balding Paul Mellon 3:25.50
1982 Le Nain Jaune Henri Samani François Mathet Guy de Rothschild 3:18.40
1983 Yawa Philip Waldron Geoff Lewis Elisha Holdings 3:24.00
1984 At Talaq Tony Murray Harry Thomson Jones Hamdan Al Maktoum 3:14.00
1985 Sumayr Yves Saint-Martin Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 3:20.00
1986 Swink Walter Swinburn Jonathan Pease Nelson Bunker Hunt 3:19.30
1987 Risk Me Steve Cauthen Paul Kelleway Lewis Norris 2:08.30
1988 Fijar Tango Tony Cruz Georges Mikhalidès Mahmoud Fustok 2:05.80
1989 Dancehall Cash Asmussen André Fabre Tomohiro Wada 2:03.60
1990 Saumarez Steve Cauthen Nicolas Clément Bruce McNall 2:07.50
1991 Subotica Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Olivier Lecerf 2:05.20
1992 Homme de Loi Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Paul de Moussac 2:03.90
1993 Fort Wood Sylvain Guillot André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 2:01.60
1994 Millkom Jean-René Dubosc Jean-Claude Rouget Jean-Claude Gour 2:04.40
1995 Valanour Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 2:02.20
1996 Grape Tree Road Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Michael Tabor 2:02.30
1997 Peintre Celebre Olivier Peslier André Fabre Daniel Wildenstein 2:08.40
1998 Limpid Olivier Peslier André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 2:03.20
1999 Slickly Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Jean-Luc Lagardère 2:03.90
2000 Beat Hollow Richard Quinn Henry Cecil Khalid Abdullah 2:03.70
2001 Chichicastenango Alain Junk Philippe Demercastel Béatrice Brunet 2:01.00
2002 Khalkevi Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 2:02.40
2003 Vespone Christophe Lemaire Nicolas Clément Ecurie Mister Ess A S 2:01.10
2004 Bago Thierry Gillet Jonathan Pease Niarchos Family 2:05.60
2005 Scorpion Kieren Fallon Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 2:24.30
2006 Rail Link Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 2:26.40
2007 Zambezi Sun Stéphane Pasquier Pascal Bary Khalid Abdullah 2:31.60
2008 Montmartre Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 2:26.20
2009 Cavalryman Maxime Guyon André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 2:27.60

Earlier winners

  • 1863 - The Ranger
  • 1864 - Vermouth
  • 1866 - Ceylon
  • 1867 - Fervacques *
  • 1868 - The Earl
  • 1869 - Glaneur
  • 1870 - Sornette
  • 1871 - no race
  • 1872 - Cremorne
  • 1873 - Boiard
  • 1874 - Trent
  • 1875 - Salvator
  • 1876 - Kisber
  • 1877 - Saint Christophe
  • 1878 - Thurio
  • 1879 - Nubienne
  • 1880 - Robert the Devil
  • 1881 - Foxhall
  • 1882 - Bruce
  • 1883 - Frontin
  • 1884 - Little Duck
  • 1885 - Paradox
  • 1886 - Minting
  • 1887 - Tenebreuse
  • 1888 - Stuart
  • 1889 - Vasistas
  • 1890 - Fitz Roya
  • 1891 - Clamart
  • 1892 - Rueil
  • 1893 - Ragotsky
  • 1894 - Dolma Baghtche
  • 1895 - Andree
  • 1896 - Arreau
  • 1897 - Doge
  • 1898 - Le Roi Soleil
  • 1899 - Perth
  • 1900 - Semendria
  • 1901 - Cheri
  • 1902 - Kizil Kourgan
  • 1903 - Quo Vadis
  • 1907 - Sans Souci
  • 1908 - Northeast
  • 1909 - Verdun
  • 1910 - Nuage
  • 1911 - As d'Atout
  • 1912 - Houli
  • 1913 - Bruleur
  • 1914 - Sardanapale
  • 1915–16 - no race
  • 1917 - Brumelli
  • 1918 - Montmartin
  • 1919 - Galloper Light
  • 1921 - Lemonora
  • 1922 - Kefalin
  • 1923 - Filibert de Savoie
  • 1924 - Transvaal
  • 1925 - Reine Lumiere
  • 1926 - Take My Tip
  • 1927 - Fiterari
  • 1928 - Cri de Guerre
  • 1929 - Hotweed
  • 1930 - Commanderie
  • 1931 - Barneveldt
  • 1932 - Strip the Willow
  • 1933 - Cappiello
  • 1934 - Admiral Drake
  • 1935 - Crudite
  • 1936 - Mieuxce
  • 1937 - Clairvoyant
  • 1940 - Maurepas
  • 1942 - Magister
  • 1943 - Pensbury
  • 1944 - Deux Pour Cent
  • 1945 - Caracalla
  • 1946 - Souverain
  • 1947 - Avenger
  • 1948 - My Love
  • 1949 - Bagheera
  • 1952 - Orfeo
  • 1953 - Northern Light
  • 1954 - Popof
  • 1955 - Phil Drake
  • 1956 - Vattel



* The 1867 race finished as a dead-heat between Fervacques and Patricien, but it was decided by a run-off.

References


  • horseracingintfed.comInternational Federation of Horseracing Authorities – Grand Prix de Paris (2009).

See also



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