Horse-ripping, or horse slashing, is an animal cruelty phenomenon involving serious injuries in horses, often involving mutilation of their genitalia and slashing of the flank or neck. It has not been established, however, how often these injuries are caused by human cruelty. "Horse-ripping" is not an entirely neutral term since it implies there is always a human act behind the mutilations.
There were 160 reported incidents in Britain between 1983 and 1993, and 300 incidents in Germany between 1992 and 1998.
It has become a widespread belief in recent years that these attacks are carried out deliberately by people, and generally sexually motivated. Animal welfare officers have also drawn links between attacks on horses and 'fertility cults'. At least one case initially believed to be horse-ripping was shown to have been caused by another horse.
Convictions are rare, though a man has been convicted in the Netherlands for a large number of such attacks on horses and ponies, along with the murder of a homeless person and the attempted murder of several other humans.
Horse-ripping, which is regarded as pathological, is distinguished from castration of male animals, which is regarded as a normal pastoral practice.
In Great Wyrley, England, during the Edwardian period George Edalji was wrongly convicted of horse ripping. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, author of the Sherlock Holmes series, defended Edalji.
Investigations have shown it doubtful whether all 'horse-ripping' incidents can be ascribed to human acts. For the similar cattle mutilation, primarily a US phenomenon, UFOs, cults and animal cruelty have been blamed, but research showed there were natural or indecisive causes in the vast majority of cases.
Media and the public often regard all incidents of horses being found injured as resulting from human acts, even if it has not been proven that the causes are non-natural. For this reason, skeptics would claim that the concept should partially be analysed by terms of mass psychology and might qualify as a moral panic phenonemon. However, it would be agreed that true cases of human-inflicted mutilation are a pathological or criminal phenonemon.
The short story Romulus (1883) by the Danish author Karl Gjellerup features cruelty to a noble race horse. The story was inspired by a contemporary case where the Royal Chamberlain was accused of animal cruelty.
The play Equus from 1973 elaborates the psychology of a young horse mutilator. Based on the play, the film Equus was published in 1977.
In Dostoyevsky's novel Crime and Punishment, the protagonist Raskolnikov has a dream about a mare being whipped and eventually bludgeoned to death with an iron bar by a drunken man.
- Cattle mutilation
- Moral panic
- ↑ Horsetalk, Horse slashers profiled, 22 October 1998
- ↑ Times Online, Horse slasher leaves stables in fear, , Ben Macintyre, 15 November 2005
- ↑ Arizona Horse Slashing Mystery Solved
- Pima County Sheriff's Department - press release on the same case.
- ↑ Expatica.com article on Dutch horse-ripper
- ↑ Knud B. Gjesing: Karl Gjellerup, Archive for Danish Literature (in Danish)
- Schedel-Stupperich A. Criminal acts against horses--phenomenology and psychosocial construct Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. March 2002;109(3):116-9. (in German)
- Yates, Roger; Powell, Chris; and Beirne, Piers. Horse Maiming in the English Countryside, Society and Animals, 9:1, 2001.