Horseball is a game played on horseback where a ball is handled and points are scored by shooting it through a high net (approximately 1.5m×1.5m). The sport is like a combination of polo, rugby, and basketball. It is one of the ten disciplines officially recognized by the International Federation for Equestrian Sports.
The sport originated in Argentina in early 1700. It was outlawed in 1790 due to high mortality among players. In 1941 the Federacion Argentina de Pato was created. In 1953 was declared as Argentina national game. The name of the game "pato" derives from the use of a live duck instead of the six-handled ball. The game as its known today, including the use of a ball instead of an animal, was defined in the 1930. It gained success and has spread across Europe and overseas. The International Horseball Federation has sixteen members including seven outside of Europe: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Cayman Islands, Israel, Pakistan and the United States.
The basic rules involve a team of 4 players (plus replacements offside if necessary) making a minimum of 3 passes between 3 different players of their team and then scoring a goal through a hoop shaped vertical goal. The opposing team can defend by either preventing them from being able to shoot by pushing opponents out of the playing area using their horse's weight or have the possibility to get alongside the players and pull the ball from their hands, in this situation the rules are that both riders have to remain seated in the saddle and the first to get pulled out of their saddle loses a penalty. On the other hand if both stay seated then if the defender manages to keep hold of the ball for more than 10 seconds then their teams earns a penalty.
Simple tactics of the game involve crossing paths of players in a same team as this method insures that the opposing team send all their defence to one side of the game whilst another player comes up from behind and gets a clear way through the cleared space. Players can also choose to return to their side if they feel an attack is failing and can 'cross' each other (only if they are members of the same team and this method is quite often used because if a defender is trying to get the ball they automatically follow the player with the ball and are therefore going to end up coming face to face with the 3rd player which is strictly forbidden as in the past head on collisions between galopping horses and riders proved fatal.
When the ball is dropped or falls on the ground anyone can pick up so long as they are going in the same way as the way the game was going when the ball was dropped. This is to avoid any riders coming head on whilst someone is picking up, as the player picking up would get hit by the oncoming horse and rider. The rules for pick up are simple, the horse has to be galloping (or at a trot when the teams are of a much younger category, usually when the players are less than 13 years of age) and picking up whilst stopped is forbidden as it damages the horse's back and usually means that the player has less of a swing to pull themselves back up which can often result in falling due to losing a stirrup.
There are several international competitions organized by the International Horse-Ball Federation the European Championships, the World Championship, and the clubs FIHB Champions League
The European Senior Championship is the older international tournament (the first was in 1992 at Paris and wasn't organized by the International Horse-Ball Federation), and there were fourteen editions of this tournament until Saint-Lô 2007 (France), were was the latest edition. France is the only national team to ever won this tournament and the Portuguese team is the one that has more Silver, and Belgium has more Bronze. And currently the titles are Gold for France, Silver for Spain and Bronze for Portugal.
The First European Lady Championship was disputed at Abano Terme 2003 (Italy). As in mixed teams version the Lady Championship is totally dominated by the French national team, that won all five editions, but the other teams with most good results are Germany (has more Silver), and United Kingdom (has more Bronze). The latest edition of the tournament was held at Ponte de Lima in 2008 (Portugal), and was won by France, United Kingdom won the silver and Spain won the bronze.
The Under-16 Championship (mixed junior teams), is also dominated by France, although Spain managed to win the latest championship and break the French total domination at Ponte de Lima 2008, were France also managed to get Silver, and Italy got Bronze. The Under-16 Championship is the youngest of the European Championships. The First European championship was held at Lamotte-Beuvron 2004 in France and there were 5 editions of the tournament.
The First World Championship (senior mixed teams), was held at Ponte de Lima in 2008 and was won by France, Spain got Silver, and Portugal got Bronze. The teams that played in the championship were, France, Spain, Portugal, Argentina, Belgium, Italy, Austria, Brazil, Great Britain, Germany and Canada.
The first club level organized by International Horse-Ball Federation competition, is the FIHB Chambions League. The First (and so far only) edition of this league was held at Stockholm Sweden, and was won by Chambly Horse-Ball (from France), the Portuguese team Sporting Clube de Portugal CEJC got Silver and Caramel from Belgium got Bronze.
- Pato, a similar (but earlier) Argentinian sport