Jump to: navigation, search

Iberian horse

File:WELBECK Le Superbe Cheval De Spanie.jpg
1743 engraving depicting an Iberian horse

The Iberian horse is a title given to a number of horse breeds native to the Iberian peninsula. At present, 17 horse breeds are recognized by FAO (2005) as characteristics of the Iberian Peninsula.

Three are Portuguese, the Lusitano, Sorraia and Garrano, and the remaining 14 are Spanish. These include the Asturcón, Burguete, Caballo de Monte del País Vasco, Pura Raza Gallega, Pura Raza Española (Andalusian horse), Hispano-Arabe, Hispano-Bretón, Jaca Navarra, Losina, Monchina and Pottoka, as well as the Cavall Mallorquí, Mallorquina and Menorquina (subsets of the Balearic breed[1]).[2]

One of the oldest types of horses, domestication of horses in the Iberian peninsula dates back as far as 300 BC when Greek invaders feared the Iberian cavalry. Modern Iberian breeds tend to be of a Baroque horse type that resemble their most famous member, the Andalusian horse, in conformation. There are also ponies, including the Sorraia as well as the Garrano.


  1. Genetic characterization of the Spanish Trotter horse breed using microsatellite markers, Genetics and Molecular Biology, accessed November 5, 2009.
  2. Lopez, Maria S. et al.. "Mitochondrial DNA Insight On The Evolutionary History Of The Iberian Horses." Poroceedings of the XIV Plant and Animal Genome Conference, 2006. Web page accessed June 17, 2007 at http://www.intl-pag.org/14/abstracts/PAG14_P594.html

External links


Premier Equine Classifieds


Subscribe to our newsletter and keep abreast of the latest news, articles and information delivered directly to your inbox.

Did You Know?

Modern horse breeds developed in response to a need for "form to function", the necessity to develop certain physical characteristics in order to perform a certain type of work... More...

The Gypsy Cob was originally bred to be a wagon horse and pulled wagons or caravans known as Vardos; a type of covered wagon that people lived in... More...

Archaeological evidence indicates that the Arabian horse bloodline dates back 4,500 years. Throughout history, Arabian horses spread around the world by both war and trade.... More...

That the term "Sporthorse" is a term used to describe a type of horse rather than any particular breed... More...