The International Trot was a harness racing event held in the New York City area that aimed to appeal to a mix of United States and international entrants. The inaugural event was held at Roosevelt Raceway in Westbury, New York in 1959, and was held at the track until its closure in 1988. Thereafter, the race moved to Yonkers Raceway in Yonkers, New York. The initial running was held at a distance of 1.5 miles (2.4 km), with subsequent races held at a distance of 1.25 miles (2.01 km).
In advance of its third running in 1961, The New York Times described that "There are many harness racing stakes that are older and quite a few that are richer, but there is none, that for glamour, pageantry, excitement and wild wagering matches the Roosevelt International Trot."
In 1959, a trotter from France named Jamin was scheduled to run in the inaugural International Trot at Roosevelt Raceway. The track's publicist, Joe Goldstein spread the word that the horse's chances were affected by the loss of over 150 pounds of artichokes that had been impounded, and then misplaced, by the United States Department of Agriculture at Idlewild Airport. Goldstein placed ads in The New York Times and New York Herald Tribune that read "French Trotter Needs Artichokes. Can You Help?", including a phone number of Roosevelt Raceway. Newspapers gave the story extensive play, with locals bring their backyard-grown artichokes to the track and United Airlines flying artichokes in from Watsonville, California, the artichoke capital of America. The horse was energized after eating the artichokes, or so Goldstein said, and went on to win the race in front of a crowd of 45,000. Jamin held on to win in front of a crowd of 48,000 spectators, with the Italian horse Tornese in second by half a length and betting favorite Trader Horn, an American entry, in third, 2¼ lengths out of second. Jamin ran the mile-and-a-half in 3:08.6.
Both first-time champion Jamin and Ruder Konge of Denmark dropped out of the 1960 race. The 9-year old Hairos II, driven by Willem Geersen, went on to win the mile-and-a-quarter second running in a field of seven in a time of 2:34, defeating the Italian horse Crevalcore by a half-length, with the American entry Silver Song, a 9-5 favorite, in third by a half-length behind Crevalcore. The crowd of 54,861 set a record, breaking the prior mark of 50,337 set at the track in August 1957.
Hairos II was unable to defend his title in the 1961 race, after suffering a bowed tendon during a win in a race in The Hague. At the 1961 International Trot, a French horse named Kracovie that had won that year's European circuit was missing a stablemate, either a mountain sheep or a goat, that could not be brought into the United States due to quarantine regulations, and would not eat in the absence of its companion. As described by George Vecsey in the Times, "The entertainer Tina Louise just happened to have a goat in her Manhattan apartment. Wearing a low-cut dress, she and her agent and the goat paid a mission of mercy to Roosevelt." Despite the publicity, and the goat, Kracovie lost the race to Su Mac Lad, with Tie Silk in third. Su Mac Lad, driven by Stanley Dancer, finished in a time of 2:34.4 in driving rain and a sloppy track in front of 28,105 racing fans.
The lightly-regarded Canadian horse Tie Silk, who had finished in third the previous year and sixth the year before, won the $50,000 race in front of a crowd of 53,279. Six-year old Tie Silk, driven by Keith Waples, won in a time of 2:34.2, with favorite and returning winner Su Mac Lad in second and world record holder Porterhouse in third. The betting handle of $2,793,596 set a world record for a harness racing program, breaking the prior record set at the second running of the International Trot.
Su Mac Lad, who had won in 1961 but dropped to second in 1962, returned to win the 1963 running in a seven-horse field, before a crowd of 41,197 of what The New York Times called "screaming harness racing buffs". The Dutch horse Martini II came in second, with returning champion Tie Silk in third. Driven by Stanley Dancer, Su Mac Lad paid bettors $2.90 to win in tying a world record at the 1¼-mile distance with a time of 2:32.6. The 9-to-20 favorite came in a half-length ahead of Martini II who in turn beat Tie Silk by 7.5 lengths. The $25,000 Su Mac Lad took home brought his career winnings to $687,549, the most of any pacer or trotter as of that date.
Winners of the race include the following:
$2 on Winner
|1959||Jamin||Jean Riaud||22x20px France||$11.70||3:08.6|
|1960||Hairos II||Willem Geersen||22x20px Netherlands||$11.90||2:34.0|
|1961||Su Mac Lad||Stanley Dancer||22x20px United States||2:34.4|
|1959||22x20px France||Jamin||22x20px Italy||Tornese||22x20px United States||Trader Horn|
|1960||22x20px Netherlands||Hairos II||22x20px Italy||Crevalcore||22x20px United States||Silver Song|
|1961||22x20px United States||Su Mac Lad||22x20px France||Kracovie||22x20px Canada||Tie Silk|
|1962||22x20px Canada||Tie Silk||22x20px United States||Su Mac Lad||22x20px United States||Porterhouse|
|1963||22x20px United States||Su Mac Lad||22x20px Netherlands||Martini II||22x20px United States||Tie Silk|
|1964||22x20px United States||Speedy Scot||22x20px United States||Su Mac Lad||22x20px France||Pick Wick|
|1965||22x20px France||Pluvier III||22x20px Italy||Steno||22x20px France||Quioco|
|1966||22x20px United States||Armbro Flight||22x20px France||Roquepine||22x20px United States||Noble Victory|
|1967||22x20px France||Roquepine||22x20px United States||Fresh Yankee||22x20px United States||Governor Armbro|
|1968||22x20px France||Roquepine||22x20px Sweden||Kentucky Fibber||22x20px United States||Fresh Yankee|
|1969||22x20px France||Une de Mai||22x20px United States||Nevele Pride||22x20px United States||Fresh Yankee|
|1970||22x20px United States||Fresh Yankee||22x20px France||Tidalium Pelo|
|1971||22x20px France||Une de Mai||22x20px United States||Fresh Yankee||22x20px United States||Dart Hanover|
|1972||22x20px United States||Speedy Crown||22x20px France||Une de Mai||22x20px United States||Fresh Yankee|
|1973||22x20px United States||Delmonica Hanover|
|1974||22x20px United States||Delmonica Hanover||22x20px Italy||Dosson|
|1975||22x20px United States||Savoir||22x20px France||Bellino II||22x20px United States||Surge Hanover|
|1976||22x20px France||Equileo||22x20px France||Bellino II||22x20px United States||Meadow Bright|
|1977||22x20px France||Delfo||22x20px France||Bellino II|
|1978||22x20px United States||Cold Comfort||22x20px New Zealand||Petite Evander||22x20px France||Hadol du Vivier|
|1979||22x20px United States||Doublemint||22x20px Sweden||Express Gaxe||22x20px Sweden||Charme Asserdal|
|1980||22x20px United States||Classical Way||22x20px France||Ideal du Gazeau||22x20px New Zealand||Petite Evander|
|1981||22x20px France||Ideal du Gazeau||22x20px France||Jorky||22x20px Sweden||Pamir Brodde|
|1982||22x20px France||Ideal du Gazeau||22x20px Italy||Zebu||22x20px Sweden||Nino Blazing|
|1983||22x20px France||Ideal du Gazeau||22x20px Sweden||Legolas||22x20px France||Ianthin|
|1984||22x20px France||Lutin d'Isigny||22x20px Sweden||The Onion||22x20px United States||Crown Wood|
|1985||22x20px France||Lutin d'Isigny||22x20px United States||Sandy Bowl||22x20px France||Ogorek|
|1986||22x20px Denmark||Habib||22x20px United States||Robins Wonder||22x20px Sweden||Mack the Knife|
|1987||22x20px Sweden||Callit||22x20px France||Potin d'Amour||22x20px United States||Tabor Lobell|
|1988||22x20px United States||Mack Lobell||22x20px United States||A.J.'s Speed||22x20px United States||Go Get Lost|
|1989||22x20px United States||Kit Lobell||22x20px Denmark||Indus||22x20px United States||Mack Lobell|
|1990||22x20px France||Reve d'Udon||22x20px United States||No Sex Please||22x20px United States||Meadow Roland|
|1991||22x20px United States||Peace Corps||22x20px France||Reve d'Udon||22x20px United States||Florida Jewel|
|1992||22x20px Sweden||Atas Fighter L.||22x20px United States||Night Court Dan||22x20px France||Ursulo de Crouay|
|1993||22x20px United States||Giant Force||22x20px United States||Meadow Prophet||22x20px United States||Sea Cove|
|1995||22x20px Sweden||His Majesty||22x20px United States||S.J.'s Photo||22x20px United States||Panifesto|
- ↑ Effrat, Louis. "The Big Trot: Quality, Not Quantity; Rich International Is Long on Glamour, Prestige, Betting", The New York Times, July 9, 1961. Accessed February 17, 2009.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Goldstein, Richard. "Joe Goldstein, Dogged New York Sports Promoter, Dies at 81", The New York Times, February 15, 2009. Accessed February 15, 2009.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Strauss, Michael. "Favored Trader Horn Third; JAMIN TRIUMPHS BY A HALF-LENGTH", The New York Times, August 2, 1959. Accessed February 17, 2009.
- ↑ Tuckner, Howard M. "JAMIN DROPS OUT OF INTERNATIONAL; French Trotter Is Injured -- Denmark's Ruder Konge Also Withdrawn", The New York Times, August 8, 1960. Accessed February 17, 2009.
- ↑ Effrat, Louis. "Hairos II Withdrawn From $50,000 International Trot; CHAMPION VICTIM OF BOWED TENDON Hairos II Unable to Defend on July 14 -- Adios Butler 3-5 Pace Choice Tonight", The New York Times, June 30, 1961. Accessed February 17, 2009.
- ↑ Daley, Robert. "French Trotter Here Sans Brigitte; Kracovie Pal Barred From U.S. as Goat in Sheepish Cloak", The New York Times, June 29, 1961. Accessed February 15, 2009.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Effrat, Louis. "KRACOVIE SECOND IN $50,000 TROT; Su Mac Lad of U.S. Victor in International Race -- Tie Silk Takes Third SU MAC LAD WINS BY NOSE IN TROT", The New York Times, July 16, 1961. Accessed February 15, 2009.
- ↑ Effrat, Louis. "53,279 See Su Mac Lad Place 2d in International; TIE SILK TRIUMPHS IN INTERNATIONAL", The New York Times, August 19, 1962. Accessed February 17, 2009.
- ↑ Effrat, Louis. "SU MAC LAD, 9-20, TRIUMPHS IN TROT; Takes $50,000 International and Ties World Record-- Martini II Runner-Up Dutch Horse Last Su Mac Lad Takes International Trot", The New York Times, July 21, 1963. Accessed February 17, 2009.
- ↑ Razzano, Tiffany. "Lewis "Tootie" Barasch, former publicist of the Roosevelt Raceway and international racehorse consultant, died of congestive heart failure on June 25. He was 90.", Nassau Herald, July 13, 2006. Accessed February 17, 2009.
- ↑ International Trot, blodbanken.nu. Accessed February 17, 2009.
- ↑ Tuckner, Howard M. "CREVALCORE NEXT; Record 54,861 Watch Hairos II Triumph in International HAIROS II SCORES IN INTERNATIONAL", The New York Times, August 21, 1960. Accessed February 17, 2009.