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Jean Baptiste Casmiere Breschard

File:Breschard the circus rider full.jpg
Breschard, the Circus Rider by Gilbert Stuart

Jean Baptiste Casmiere Breschard (John B. Breschard) was a circus owner and equestrian performer in the Circus of Pepin and Breschard.

Frenchman Breschard reintroduced the circus clown to the United States in 1807. Mme. Breschard, wife of Jean Baptiste, was a premier equestrienne and is described in numerous sources as being one of the early businesswomen in the USA.[1] Mme. Breschard is arguably the first nationally recognized professional sportswoman in the United States. Both are documented as performing in the United States between 1807 and 1817. Breschard is reported as performing in Puerto Rico and Havana, Cuba, in 1820.[2]

George Washington Riggs identified a Gilbert Stuart portrait's subject as being Breschard in 1878.[3][4][5][6] The portrait currently resides at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C..

Breschard's place and date of birth and death are unknown.

External links


  1. Dexter, Elisabeth Anthony. Career Women of America, 1776-1840. Francestown, NH: Marshall Jones Company, 1950.
  2. The New York Columbian, New York, NY: 10/13/1820.
  3. Mason, George C. The Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart. New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1879.
  4. Google Books The Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart
  5. Havard, Bernard and Sylvester, Mark D. Walnut Street Theatre. Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2008. p9
  6. Google BooksWalnut Street Theatre


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