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Joe Mercer (jockey)

Joe Mercer
Occupation Jockey
Birthplace Ellesmere Port, Cheshire,
United Kingdom
Birth date October 25, 1934
Career wins 2,810 in Britain
Major racing wins, honours & awards
Major racing wins

British Classic Race wins:
Epsom Oaks (1953)
St. Leger Stakes (1965, 1974, 1980, 1981)
2,000 Guineas Stakes (1971)
1,000 Guineas Stakes (1974, 1979)

French Classic Race wins:
Prix de Diane (1974)
Racing awards
British flat racing Champion Apprentice (1952, 1953)
British flat racing Champion Jockey (1979)
Significant horses
Brigadier Gerard, Bustino, Highclere, Kris, Le Moss

Joseph Mercer, (born October 25, 1934 in Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, United Kingdom) is a retired English Thoroughbred race horse jockey. He was active as a jockey from 1947 to 1985 and rode a total of 2,810 winners in Britain, a figure exceeded only by Sir Gordon Richards, Lester Piggott and Doug Smith at the time of Mercer’s retirement, and subsequently only bettered by Pat Eddery and Willie Carson[1].

He was apprenticed to trainer Frederick Sneyd and won his first British Classic race while still an apprentice on Ambiguity in the 1953 Epsom Oaks. He was British flat racing Champion Apprentice twice, in 1952 and 1953.

He subsequently worked as stable jockey for Jack Colling, Dick Hern, Henry Cecil and Peter Walwyn. During his spell at Cecil's yard he won his only British flat racing Champion Jockey's title in 1979. The most successful horse Mercer rode during his career was Brigadier Gerard, winner of 17 of his 18 races between 1970 and 1972. He retired in November 1985 and was successful in his final ride as a jockey, winning the 1985 November Handicap on Bold Rex.

His nickname was 'Smokin' Joe' and shortly after his retirement he was the subject of a biography by Richard Baerlein: Joe Mercer The Pictorial Biography Queen Ann Press (1987).

On retiring as a jockey Joe Mercer worked initially as a jockey's agent for Brent Thomson and Tony McGlone before accepting a job as racing manager for Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum's Gainsborough racing operation in 1987. He retired in January 2006.

Joe Mercer's brother, Manny Mercer, was also a jockey who was killed in a racing accident in 1959, and his niece Carolyn is married to Pat Eddery. Joe is married to Anne Carr, the daughter of an earlier Royal Jockey, Harry Carr.



Early years: 1950s

Mercer rode his first winner as an appentice when he rode Eldoret to win a handicap race at Bath in September 1950. He was British flat racing Champion Apprentice jockey in both 1952 and 1953 riding 26 winners and 61 winners respectively. While still an apprentice Mercer won his first English Classic at the age of eighteen. Riding the Lord Astor (William Waldorf Astor, 3rd Viscount Astor) owned Ambiguity he gave Jack Colling his only classic victory when winning the 1953 Oaks. By this time Mercer was stable jockey at the Colling owned West Ilsley stable, having succeeded Gordon Richards in that post. Theirs was a successful partnership with a number of fine horses. These include: Hornbeam (winner of 11 races)- winner of the Great Voltigeur Stakes and second in the St Leger, Ascot Gold Cup and Doncaster Cup; Rosalba (winner of 6 races)- winner of the Coronation Stakes, Queen Elizabeth II Stakes, and Fred Darling Stakes, whilst achieving 2nd place in Petite Etoile's 1000 Guineas; and Counsel (winner of 10 races)- a top class handicapper and winner of the Greenham Stakes.

In addition Mercer had many outside rides for other stables. His first prominent one was on the 1000 Guineas winner Festoon when she failed to win the Oaks, but also later when she gave Mercer his first Royal Ascot victory in the Coronation Stakes. He also rode a number of Harry Wragg trained horses specifically Nagami (whom he rode to be third in all the colts Classic races of 1958) and Fidalgo (whom he rode to be second in the Derby and St Leger of 1959, but on whom he won the Irish Derby of that year).


Despite winning his jockey championship with Henry Cecil, it was his relationship with the West Ilsley stable under Dick Hern for which he is most famous. Hern took over as trainer at West Ilsley at the end of 1962 on the retirement of Jack Colling, and there was no question he would remain in place on Hern's takeover. The stable was endowed with several top owner-breeders and was now owned by John Jacob Astor (then known as Jakie Astor, and later as Sir John Astor), who with his brother Lord Astor provided most of the horse firepower.

During the early years of the Hern/Mercer partnership they had most success with a series of stayers, the best of which was probably Grey of Falloden who won several stakes races (the Doncaster Cup and Henry II Stakes) but also won the 1964 Cesarewitch Handicap with a then record weight of 9stone 6pounds. The following year the stable hit top form and won both the English St. Leger Stakes and Irish St. Leger Stakes with Provoke (owned by Jakie) and Craighouse (owned by Lord Astor: William Astor, 3rd Viscount Astor) respectively. In both 1964 and 1965 Mercer rode 108 winners in Britain.

Everything looked set for a wonderful 1966 when an equine virus hit the stable and the horses were just not well enough to be competitive. In 1967 there appeared to be some remission and the stable won 60 races.With this support from his own yard Mercer looked set to gain his first Jockey Championship. However having a comfortable lead mid-August he broke several vertebrae in a fall on a spare ride at Folkestone Racecourse. He was sidelined for the last two and a half months of the season. 1967 did see two 1968 Classic possibles emerge in Remand and La Mome, but more important the Queen (Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom) first sent horses to be trained by Dick Hern, so initiating Mercer's tenure as a Royal Jockey (although for a few years Ian Balding continued to use Geoff Lewis and Lester Piggott). In addition at the end of the 1967 season the important owner-breeder Brook Holliday sent his horses to Hern ( Hern had previously been Brook's late father's (Major Lionel Holliday) private trainer in Newmarket).

1968 promised much and Mercer scored two early victories in Classic Trials when Heathen (Holliday owned) won the Greenham Stakes and La Mome (Jakie Astor) won the Princess Elizabeth Stakes. Early in May, Remand (Jakie Astor) beat Connaught in his Derby Trial, the Chester Vase, giving the Noel Murless trained colt weight. All seemed to be going to plan but soon afterwards the horses appeared to lose form and Dick Hern described Remand's appearance in the paddock at Epsom as being horrible, 'his coat was standing up like a hedgehog'. Beaten by both Sir Ivor and the Chester second, Connaught, Remand finished 4th. Through the virus Mercer missed out on a great chance to win the Derby, a race he was never to win. Remand was so ill after the race he did not appear again that season and the stable went into decline. Despite shutting down completely for months at a time the virus appears not to have left the stable until the end of the 1969 season. Even with the virus Mercer did ride The Accuser to win the Doncaster Cup for his stable.

Despite these setbacks with his stable Mercer remained loyal to West Ilsley. He did ride for many other stables and was particularly supported by Derrick Candy, for whom he rode horses such as Parbury (Ascot Gold Cup), Song (1968 Champion Sprinter and winner of the New Stakes, Temple Stakes, King's Stand Stakes and Diadem Stakes) and Fair Winter (Nassau Stakes), and Peter Walwyn, who was just developing the string of horses that became so powerful in the 1970s. In 1969 he formed a lucrative partnership with Candy's High Line, winning many group races. He also rode for John Sutcliffe winning on such horses as Right Tack and Jimmy Reppin in their early careers. The foremost jockey of this period was Lester Piggott and he was reported to have said "There are only two real jockeys and the other one is Joe Mercer." When Pigott declined the ride on Petingo in order to ride Sir Ivor in the 1968 2,000 Guineas Stakes, Mercer was booked to ride Petingo by Piggott's father-in-law, Sam Armstrong. On Petingo he won the Craven Stakes and then finished second in the 2000 Guineas. Similarly when Piggott was unavailable for Ribofilio's 2,000 Guineas Trial in early 1969, Mercer took the ride on this Johnson-Houghton trained colt, then favourite for the classic (winning the Ascot 2000 Guineas Trial).


Mercer's loyalty was repaid in 1970, but the year started inauspiciously. Joe had spent the winter riding in India. When it came time to come home he couldn't bring out his money because of exchange control issues and so decided to buy jewels to export. He fell foul of the Indian authorities and was imprisoned for several weeks, so missing the first month of the flat season. He returned at the end of April but Jimmy Lindley retained the ride on the then stable star Highest Hopes in the One Thousand Guineas. He'd also missed the maiden win of the Queen's first really good horse at West Ilsley, Charlton. He did ride this colt to his second win in the Predominate Stakes (now the Cocked Hat Stakes) at Goodwood in May. Due to an injury this colt did not take his chance in that years Epsom Derby. Mercer may never have won the Epsom Derby but he gave a fine ride on Great Wall in Nijinsky's 1970 Derby. Great Wall had run very wide when he'd run in his Derby Trial and it seemed unwise for Scobie Breasley, his trainer, to declare him for Epsom and expect him to get round Tattenham Corner. Mercer got the ride for the first time and the colt's odds of 80 to 1 seemed ungenerous. Mercer kept his horse at the back of the field and going into Tattenham Corner had only one horse behind him. Entering the corner he set the colt alight on the rails to such effect that he passed the whole field in about a furlong and was leading the field with about two furlongs to go. He was then squeezed up by the giant French colt Gyr and was just run out of third place by Stintino.

At this stage it was impossible to say if the Hern stable had got over the virus of the preceding years, but by the end of June it appeared they had and Brigadier Gerard had made his debut. There is little doubt that the Brigadier provided an enormous boost to the stable winning his 4 races in 1970, including the now Group 1 Middle Park Stakes. In addition, Highest Hopes (Holliday owned) came back strongly after her disappointing Guineas run and won the Prix Eugene Adam and the Prix Vermeille, beating horses such as Caro and Lupe, in the process and proving herself top class. The stable sustained its form to end of the season with Charlton proving to be just off top-class with a 4th in the St Leger, Heavenly Thought (Lord Rotherwick owned: who purchased many of the now dead Lord Astor's horses) winning a handful of good races and Fine Blade who then did not appear that far behind the Brigadier in ability. The end of the season saw a lot of activity as the last named was removed from the stable with the rest of Brook Holliday's horses following a payment disagreement with Hern and Astor. However at the same time was the news that with the retirement from training of Gordon Richards his owner's Sir Michael Sobell and Lady Beaverbrook would be transferring their horses to Dick Hern.

Jakie Astor negotiated to sell West Ilsley to Sobell and his son-in-law Arnold Weinstock on the understanding that both Hern and Mercer were kept in place as trainer and stable jockey respectively. Before the season started most interest was on the Lady Beaverbrook owned pair of Seaepic and Seaswan (both by Sea Bird II). Both slightly disappointed in their trial races and got no better, whilst Brigadier Gerard, without a preparative race, won what many would regard the best Two Thousand Guineas since 1947. A Sobell/Weinstock colt, Homeric, appeared and won the Lingfield Derby Trial ridden by Mercer. Homeric was the stable's first Derby runner since 1967 when he reappeared at Epsom and ran well but was outclassed by Mill Reef, finally finishing fifth. Later in the year he finished a good second in the St. Leger, under a powerful ride from Mercer. Brigadier Gerard finished the year the unbeaten winner of 6 races (5 of them Group 1 today). The new power to appear was in the two-year-old ranks, where 3 smart colts were judged good enough to run at Royal Ascot, all ridden by Mercer. Sun Prince, as a maiden won the Coventry Stakes and later followed up by winning the Prix Robert Papin in France and finishing third in the Middle Park Stakes. Fellow maiden Sallust was made favourite for the Windsor Castle Stakes but slightly disappointed finishing unplaced. However he won his next race before finishing his season with a win in the Richmond Stakes at Goodwood Racecourse. The third colt, Rampage, having won his maiden decisively, was strongly fancied to land the Norfolk Stakes even against such good horses as Deep Diver and Philipp of Spain; challenging at the furlong pole he stumbled and died of a heart attack.

In addition, Mercer rode the Queen's first good filly at West Ilsley, Albany, to two victories. She started the season by winning Sandleford Priory Stakes at Newbury Racecourse in May and having failed to stay the distance of the Epsom Oaks trip ran out a good winner of the Prix de la Psyche in France. Mercer rode the Brigadier in all his six wins but he also rode Lady Beaverbrook's Relko colt, Royalty, who set up an unbeaten run of six wins in the UK. He was felt to have improved enough to take his chance in Mill Reef's Arc de Triomphe triumph when he finished a creditable sixth. Another horse to feature in 1971 was Lord Rotherwick's Colum who won a handful of races including the Dee Stakes and kept running and winning in England and France through to 1973. One milestone of note in 1971 was his first winner for trainer Henry Cecil: Pert Lassie was the first leg of a Mercer treble at the inaugural Timeform Cancer Charity Day at Doncaster (Charlton was another leg of this treble).

If 1971 was a good year for Mercer and his stable, 1972 was even better in the quantity of money won and Hern ended up Champion Trainer. Brigadier Gerard was of course the main money winner, winning seven of his eight races (six of which would today be considered group one races) with Mercer in the saddle on all occasions. The Sunday prior to the Brigadier's third race of the season (at Royal Ascot) Mercer flew to France in a small plane with three others. Soon after take-off the plane crashed and luckily Mercer was thrown clear. He rushed back to the plane and pulled out the trainer Bill Marshall. He could not get the pilot out of the wreckage and gave up trying just before the plane went exploded. Unsurprisingly Mercer was shaken up and there was talk that he would not take the ride on the Brigadier on the first day of Royal Ascot. After taking a day off Mercer declared himself fit to ride on the Tuesday of Royal Ascot and he lined up on Brigadier Gerard for the Prince of Wales's Stakes. As it was the Brigadier gave one of his most stunning displays beating a field which included the future Irish Derby winner, Steel Pulse, effortlessly. Unlike other runs Mercer reported that the horse did not pull as much as usual. However Mercer felt unwell after the race and did not ride again at the meeting or for the next week. That same Tuesday, Sun Prince won the St. James's Palace Stakes under Mercer's friend Jimmy Lindley, who replaced the sidelined Mercer. Sun Prince had been ridden into third place in the 2000 Guineas by Mercer, running behind High Top and the eventual Derby winner Roberto.

By this stage Mercer appeared to have three of the best milers in the country to ride as apart from Sun Prince and Brigadier, Sallust had revealed himself as top class. This colt announced his return to the top with a fine display at Epsom to win the Diomed Stakes. Ridden again by Mercer in a virtual match at Goodwood he wore down the 2000Guineas winner High Top in a thrilling Sussex Stakes. In late August he returned to Goodwood to win the Goodwood Mile and by then was regarded the best 3yo miler in England. In October he finished his career with a scintillating defeat of Lyphard in Mercer's hands at Longchamp to prove himself European's top 3yo miler.

Of the older horses Royalty was injured without running but Homeric stood out: even if a little frustrating. In his second race of 1972 he took on the great Mill Reef in the Coronation Cup. Mercer took over the lead from Mill Reef's pacemaker and Homeric,kept beautifully balanced, was driven for the line. Joined by Mill Reef at the furlong pole everyone expected the latter to stride away but Geoff Lewis had to ride his Derby winner for all he was worth. He just hung on and won by a neck from Homeric. Mercer missed Homeric’s run at Royal Ascot but next rode this colt to win the Prix Maurice de Nieuil, whereupon Homeric was transferred to Jack Cunnington in France.

1973 was a more quiet year for Mercer after ’72 . Boldboy announced his arrival on the racing scene by winning the Greenham Stakes as a maiden gelding and the Astor colt, Sharp Edge, who had won three races when ridden by Mercer as a 2yo in 1972, won him his first Irish 2000 Guineas after finishing third in the 2000 Guineas at Newmarket. Sharp Edge then went on to win the Prix Jean Prat in France. A new staying 3yo emerged in the shape of Buoy, whose owner Dick Hollingsworth had moved his horses to Dick Hern in 1972 (although they didn’t run that season). Buoy picked up a good maiden at Newmarket before taking the Predominate Stakes Derby Trial at Goodwood. Sidestepping the Derby, he next appeared in the Irish Derby, running 3rd, before going to York and winning the Great Voltigeur Stakes. Buoy rounded of his first season when narrowly beaten in the St Leger. The stable jockey also rode Hollingsworth’s other 3yo, Tepukei, to two wins, including the White Rose Stakes at Ascot. Mercer rode Sun Prince to win that colt’s third consecutive Royal Ascot victory in the Queen Anne Stakes. Boldboy finished off his season with victories in the Prix de la Porte Maillot at Deauville, Diadem Stakes at Ascot and the Challenge Stakes at Newmarket.

Mercer had another fine year in 1974 and the season really started with an Ascot 3yo maiden double on Pop Song and Gaily; the latter fulfilling the promise of her good runs as a 2yo. (She later went on to win the Irish 1000 Guineas (but ridden by Ron Hutchinson) and was then 3rd in the Irish Oaks when Mercer ridden). Newbury's Spring meeting saw Mercer picking up three winners, including a useful win on Tom Egerton's Final Chord, who went on to complete a hat-trick of wins at Chepstow and Royal Ascot (Britannia Stakes). In addition Appleby Fair, the stable’s Derby hope, finished a good second in the Greenham Stakes. This was soon followed by the highly promising victory of the maiden Bustino in the Sandown Classic Trial. The 1000 Guineas Stakes saw Mercer achieve every jockey's ambition when winning a classic for the reigning monarch. He rode the archetypal Mercer race hitting the front at the distance and trusting the speed, class or momentum of the horse kept him there. In this instance the horse was the Queen's own bred filly Highclere. Not particularly fancied she had form very near the best when placed as a 2yo. On her 2yo debut she had gone down narrowly to Polygamy. A few weeks later she was second again, this time to Celestial Dawn after getting a little lost in the early part of the race. Significantly in that race, receiving 4 pounds, she turned the tables on Polygamy and beat her 2 lengths. She did win her third race, a maiden at Newbury, but made such hard work of it that by the time of her lining up for 1000 she was relatively forgotten. Mercer came with his well-timed run and led going into the dip. Highclere’s main pursuer, and old adversary, Polygamy was baulked in her run and struggled up the hill to catch Highclere. Fifty yards out Polygamy looked the likely winner but Mercer kept Highclere going to the line and the two fillies flashed by the post together. After some delay Highclere was named the short-head winner. Peter Willett in his biography of Dick Hern quotes the Bloodstock Breeders Review of that year:- "A dead heat might have done more justice to this epic struggle, but nothing could detract from Highclere's superb rugged performance, from Mercer's immaculate jockeyship, or from Dick Hern's magnificent training technique." Six weeks later Mercer won his second classic on her when she won the Prix de Diane at Chantilly from a top class field of fillies. Highclere didn't win again but she did run a fine race against Dahlia when second in the King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes.

Appleby Fair failed to make up into a Derby colt and his place was taken at Epsom by what the stable had been considering their St Leger colt, namely Lady Beaverbrook’s Bustino. He had won a second classic trial when comfortably winning the Lingfield Derby Trial. He lined up for the Epsom classic with what seemed like a real chance, but was horribly baulked at the top of the hill. He ran on very strongly but could only finish fourth to Snow Knight, a colt Bustino had already comfortably beaten twice in 1974. This was probably Mercer’s best chance of winning the Derby. Afterwards Bustino proved his quality by giving Sagaro a good race when second to that good colt in the Grand Prix de Paris on softer going than suited him. He then thrashed the Irish Derby winner English Prince in the Great Voltigeur Stakes by 4 lengths. His season finished at Doncaster when Mercer and Jimmy Lindley, riding the same owner's Riboson, dominated the St. Leger. Mercer guided Bustino to victory with his pacemaker coming in third.

Of the older horses Mercer rode Boldboy to a Lockinge Stakes victory, that gelding having already carried him to an Abernant Stakes victory. Buoy improved on his first season and as a 4yo blossomed into being a top middle distance colt with Mercer riding him in all his victories. After a second in the Jockey Club Stakes, he won the Yorkshire Cup and three weeks later followed this with the Coronation Cup at Epsom. Dahlia was odds-on to win this race but all 5 jockeys riding had instructions to come with a late run. After a ludicrous first furlong with the whole field dawdling along, Mercer took the lead but only at a moderate gallop. However going down towards Tattenham Corner he set Buoy alight such that entering the straight he was 10 lengths clear. By the final furlong he was dead beat but Mercer kept him going to the line to record a one and a half length victory over Tennyson. Buoy’s final victory was in the Princess of Wales's Stakes at Newmarket when he beat Jupiter Pluvius in a workmanlike fashion. As regards 2yos two Sobell youngsters came to the fore. The first, Auction Ring, was ridden by Mercer to win a Newbury maiden, before appearing a month later to follow up in the July Stakes at Newmarket. Unfortunately he didn't win again in '74, but ran well to be placed in both the Gimcrack Stakes and the Middle Park Stakes. The second youngster was Bold Pirate and he again won two races, in his case his first and last, the latter being the Prix Roman at Longchamp. But he also was placed in both the Richmond Stakes and Champagne Stakes.

1975 started slowly for Mercer and at the end of April he had ridden only 5 winners, 3 of them for Peter Cundell plus a victory in the Earl of Sefton Stakes for Herbert Jones on Jimsun. Hern's stable was running plenty of horses (including Baronet (Craven Stakes), Harmonise (Free Handicap), Light Duty (Nell Gwynn Stakes) and School Bell (Princess Elizabeth Stakes) all ridden by Mercer) but not winning any and even Boldboy was only second in his opening race of the season. Mercer did not ride Hern’s contender for the Fred Darling Stakes (Garden Party) and instead rode the Queen’s filly Joking Apart for Ian Balding into 4th place. Bill Curling reports in his book ‘All the Queen's Horses’ reports that Irish trainer Stuart Murless (a great fan of Mercer’s skills) was seeking Joe to ride his filly Nocturnal Spree in the season’s first classic the 1000 Guineas. However Mercer stayed with Joking Apart and rode another finely judged race. He delivered his filly at the distance 9just as the previous year on Highclere} and leading up the Rowley Mile hill was run out of it in the final 100 yards by the winner Nocturnal Spree, finally finishing third. On such a tough course Joking Apart probably did not stay the full 8 furlongs and she was confidently expected to return to her 2yo winning form in Royal Ascot's Jersey Stakes. Mercer had no luck in running but blamed himself for his filly’s second place. Soon after he made amends when winning the Duchess of Montrose Handicap at Newmarket, and he rounded off her season when she won the 8 furlong Strensall Stakes over the easier York course.

1975 saw Mercer having an increased number of winners and rides for the stable of Ian Balding. The winners included the very useful 2yo filly Outer Circle, Mill Reef's sister Memory Lane and the useful handicapper Idiot's Delight. However after the Guineas weekend (where Auction Ring failed in the 2000 Guineas) the Hern stable hit form and winners flowed for Mercer.

A feature of the season was the two very good colts owned by Dick Hollingsworth. The first, Zimbalon, got off the mark in a Chester maiden in Mercer’s hands. He won his next two races but (in these handicaps) was ridden by other jockeys. Mercer was reunited with him for his fourth victory on the trot. This was Royal Ascot's King George V Handicap and this victory rounded off a treble, all on the Thursday of the meeting. The second winner was Hollingsworth’s Alcide colt Sea Anchor. This colt had got off the mark at Sandown when ridden by Mercer to win his maiden impressively. His next race, the King Edward VII Stakes, was a big step up in class but Sea Anchor was a commanding winner. The colt promised much and ran well in both the Irish Derby (4th to Grundy) and Great Voltigeur Stakes (2nd to Patch): however he didn’t win again that year.

The third winner of Mercer’s Royal Ascot treble was Lord Porchester's hitherto unraced colt Smuggler. Despite being stoutly bred this Exbury colt romped away with the 6 furlong Chesham Stakes. This promising 2yo followed up with a comfortable victory in Newbury's 7 furlong Donnington Castle Stakes and was expected to complete a hat-trick in the Prix de la Salamandre. He ran unaccountably badly and was retired for the season. Hern was blessed with a number of stoutly bred 2yos. Right up with Smuggler was Lady Beaverbrook's Riboboy who Mercer rode to win his debut, the Plantation Maiden stakes, then Goodwood’s Lanson Champagne Stakes before missing out at the third time of asking when 7th in the Laurent Perrier Champagne Stakes at Doncaster behind Wollow. Similarly useful was Sir Michael Sobell’s colt Over to You who ridden both times by Mercer won the Yattendon Maiden at Newbury first time out and followed this up with a workmanlike victory in the Solario Stakes at Sandown. All useful colts they did not create the same stir that Lady Beaverbrook's Relkino did when he won his first race, the Echinswall Maiden Stakes, most impressively, Mercer ridden. His total eclipse when last in the Washington Singer Stakes was believed to be due to a slight virus going through the stable.

The most remembered race of the year was the so-called 'Race of the Century' held at Ascot in July when Bustino was beaten half a length by the Derby winner Grundy in what many people consider to be one of the greatest races ever run. Bustino had been expected to start his season in the Yorkshire Cup in May. Declared for the race, Dick Hern was forced to withdraw the colt on the morning of the race because his owner, Lady Beaverbrook, did not want him to run in any thing but Group 1 races. Mercer took over the ride on what was to have been Bustino's pacemaker Riboson. Despite being on the effective second string Mercer scored a satisfying victory. Bustino appeared a few weeks later and again, with Riboson as his pacemaker, scored one of his finest victories when winning the Coronation Cup at Epsom in record time. This turned out to be Mercer's only Group 1 winner of the year. The follow-up was the Race of the Century (the 1975 King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes: covered under Bustino) in which Bustino ran with two pacemakers but not his classy, usual pacemaker Riboson, who was injured. Taking up the running earlier than usual, he entered the Ascot straight 4 lengths clear of that year's Derby winner Grundy, who in a thrilling finish beat Bustino by a half-length.

To the outside world Mercer had much to look forward to with a promising group of horses for the 1976 classics. What was not known was that the stable owners, Sir Michael Sobell and Lord Arnold Weinstock, had informed Mercer that 1976 was to be his last as stable jockey and that he was to be replaced by Willie Carson. Both jockeys were sworn to secrecy and, apart from Hern, few others, including the bulk of the owners, knew of this arrangement. All came to the surface in early June 1976.

Against this backdrop 1976 started well for Mercer and important early winners were Relkino in the Ascot 2000 Guineas Trial, Smuggler (Epsom’s Warren Stakes), Memory Lane (Epsom’s Princess Elizabeth Stakes) and Riboboy (Sandown’s Classic Trial Stakes). Relkino then finished 6th in Wollow’s 2000 Guineas victory, Smuggler followed up with a 3rd in the Chester Vase but Riboboy finished unplaced in the Lingfield Derby Trial. Mercer elected to ride Relkino in the Derby.

Mercer was picking up several winners in May including twice on Zimbalon (Rosebery Handicap, Ormonde Stakes), Boldboy (Abernant Stakes) and two useful two-year-olds of Dick Hern’s Town and Country and Sky Ship.On Derby Day Mercer had his fourth victory of the year on trainer John Nelson’s Creetown. He also rode a fine race on Relkino in the Derby. He came with a perfectly timed run to win the race but was then easily brushed aside by the Lester Pigott ridden Empery, and left to finish second. As Relkino never won over further than ten furlongs (as a four year old he won the Lockinge Stakes and the Benson and Hedges Gold Cup), it is likely he didn’t stay the distance of the Derby.

The next day before racing, Mercer accompanied by Dick Hern and the Queen’s racing manager, Lord Porchester, entered the Epsom Press Office. Porchester then read a prepared statement. It said that Mercer would be removed as stable jockey at the end of the season to be replaced by Willie Carson. The announcement created almost universal outcry from the press, Hern’s other owners and others in racing. An almost immediate response came from John Oaksey on ITV Television was, ‘The mind boggles if you are not satisfied with Joe Mercer’.

There is little doubt that this announcement did harm to nearly everyone involved. Many felt Hern could have reacted differently, but Hern was just a salaried employer of the stable owners. However it did cause a chill between Hern and the Press that only thawed properly when he himself suffered a similar removal. Willie Carson was retained by Clive Brittain and to him it was a huge shock and his principal owner, Captain Marcos Lemos, said ‘ It was the way the whole wretched business was announced. I first heard the news on television. I still maintain I should have been told first’. Even three years later Weinstock said ‘…But I will admit that it was a painful thing, and in some quarters we have never been quite forgiven’.

Within a week Mercer had bounced back and rode five winners at the Newbury Summer meeting, including two for Sobell and Weinstock (Adagio and Sunbelt). However at the same meeting he was found guilty of dangerous riding and received a weeks ban. At the same time he announced that he’d been approached by Ian Balding to become his stable jockey, and that he’d had similar offers that he was considering. Soon after this Mercer announced that he was to join Henry Cecil as stable jockey in 1977.

At Royal Ascot Mercer managed only one winner in the shape of the Queen Mary Stakes winner Cramond for Ron Boss. Smuggler was Mercer’s next best effort when he finished second in the King Edward VII Stakes. Six weeks later he rode this colt to win the Gordon Stakes at Goodwood. Sea Anchor could finish only third to the outstanding Sagaro in the Ascot Gold Cup. Sea Anchor had earlier won the Henry II Stakes at Sandown and had been fancied for the Ascot big staying race. This colt then went on to win the Goodwood Stakes, Mercer ridden, under the welter burden of 10 stone. Mercer later rode him to win the Doncaster Cup in September.

Returning from his suspension of 7 days Mercer had a treble at the Newmarket July Meeting, of which the most significant winner was the July Stakes winner Sky Ship. This colt had already been ridden by Mercer to win a maiden at Salisbury and he followed this second win up with a win at Goodwood in the Lanson Champagne Stakes, during a fine meeting where he rode 5 winners.

Other significant winners ridden for Hern were Bold Pirate, who won the John Smith’s Magnet Cup; Boldboy, who as well as winning the Abernant Stakes, won the Sanyo Stakes at Doncaster; and the Queen’s two year olds Fife and Drum and Circlet. For other trainers Mercer rode Gunner B (trained by George Toft) to win both the Cecil Frail Handicap and the Doonside Cup and John Cherry to win the Newbury Autumn Cup.

Hern’s best two year old was the maiden filly Dunfermline, who Mercer rode to be second to the Lester Piggott ridden Miss Pinkie in the Ascot Fillies Mile. It is instructive that while Piggott felt Dunfermline to be ingenuine and the to-be stable jockey Willie Carson considered other fillies in the stable to be more promising, Mercer felt the filly was just green and would improve as a 3yo. Mercer turned out to be right and Her Majesty’s filly won three races the next year, including two classics.

Mercer finished the season on 98 winners, his best total since 1965. Appropriately his last winner for Hern as stable jockey was the two year old filly Amity. Hern and Mercer remained friends for the rest of Hern’s life. A group of Hern’s owners presented him with a painting of his portrait surrounded by his classic winners as a leaving present.


Henry Cecil was not only taking on a new stable-jockey in 1977, he was also moving to a new stable. Cecil’s father-in-law Noel Murless had retired at the end of 1976 and he was taking over his Warren Place stable yard and most of his horses. He was not taking over the Murless trained Champion two-year-old of 1976 J. O. Tobin who was sent to finish his career in America. Cecil, although having been the British flat racing Champion Trainer of 1976 Cecil stated he had no champion horses in his stable for 1977.

Mercer’s first winner in 1977 was for Jeremy Hindley , who used Mercer when he was available (amongst his winning rides for Hindley in 1977 was the Royal Ascot winner, He Loves Me, in the Cork and Orrery Stakes: now the Golden Jubilee Stakes). On the final day of the Newmarket Craven meeting Mercer rode his first winner for his new stable when Habeebti won a small handicap for owner Charles St George. Later in the day he rode another winner for Cecil. The next day he rode another double for Cecil at Newbury. The second winner of this double was Royal Blend (again for Charles St George) who a month later followed up in the Predominate Stakes at Goodwood. Unfortunately the colt split a pastern in this race and was unable to race again that season. The Mercer/Cecil partnership was regularly notching winners but the first significant one was St George’s four-year-old colt Lucky Wednesday who was a newcomer to Cecil’s stable. After running placed in his first race at Newmarket he won his second race at Sandown in the Westbury Stakes (now the Sir Gordon Richard Stakes. In this race Mercer had the pleasure of beating a Willie Carson ridden Relkino. Lucky Wednesday rapidly improved and went on to win the Clive Graham Stakes at Goodwood, followed by the Prince of Wales’s Stakes at Royal Ascot..He was then beaten in to second in the Eclipse Stakes by Artaius on very firm ground, which he disliked. Cecil felt he was never the same horse again after this run.

Winners continued to flow but bigger wins were few and far between At Epsom Mercer rode Cecil’s Royal Plume in the Derby: the colt had previously won the Dee Stakes at Chester. However at the Epsom meeting Mercer did ride Gunner B to win the Diomed Stakes for George Toft. Mr Carlo d’Alessio’s Aliante proved a useful handicapper winning two good handicaps. The first was the William Hill Gold Cup at Redcar (on a day Mercer rode a four-timer, including another winner for Cecil) and another at Sandown. The best three year old to come through was Mr Louis Freedman’s Royal Hive, who ended up winning the Park Hill Stakes (under Mercer) at Doncaster, amongst her four wins. She also finished second in the Yorkshire Oaks and Prix Vermeille. Mercer eventually won 102 races in Britain, his first century since 1965. Despite the stable being short of big winners Cecil had numerically his second best season with 74 wins.

1978 saw a major improvement but the season started disappointingly with the complete failure of a horse called Brigata. This three year old filly was unraced as a two-year-old yet was strongly fancied for the One Thousand Guineas and was made favourite for her first race, the Nell Gwyn Stakes. She ran unaccountably badly and finished last, and week later repeated the feat at Ascot in a further Guineas trial. The year did take off with the victory of Gunner B in the Earl of Sefton Stakes at Newmarket. This colt had been transferred by his owner to be trained by Cecil. It proved to be an inspired move as he improved in the hands of Mercer and Cecil to follow up this win with victories in the Brigadier Gerard Stakes, the Prince of Wales’s Stakes at Royal Ascot and the Eclipse Stakes at Sandown. This five year old colt then ran second in the Benson and Hedges Gold Cup (now the Juddmonte International Stakes) to the Derby second, Hawaiian Sound. He returned to winning ways in the Valdoe Stakes at Goodwood, before ending his season with a third place in Newmarket’s Champion Stakes.

Aside from this, the season really got going for Mercer when he rode five winners in two days at Newmarket, all for his retained stable. None of them were big wins but included the stables’ first two year old winner in Mixed Applause and the three year old maiden winner Le Moss. This colt was having only his second run but went on to win his next two races, including the Queen’s Vase at Royal Ascot, in the hands of Geoff Baxter as Mercer could not do the weight. When Mercer was reunited with the colt they won the March Stakes at Goodwood. Fancied for the St Leger he became fractious in the preliminaries to the final classic and according to Mercer took no interest in the race. Hit by another horse during the race he suddenly changed mood and finished a fast finishing second to the winner, Julio Mariner. Mixed Applause appeared a useful filly, and was ridden into second place in the Cherry Hinton Stakes by Mercer. She was then made favourite for the Waterford Candelabra Stakes at Goodwood but was soundly beaten by her stable companion Formulate (ridden by Muis Roberts). Mercer had already won a small maiden on Formulate, and after Goodwood went on to ride her to victory in both the May Hill Stakes and the Hoover Fillies Mile. Formulate ended up Cecil’s top rated 2yo that year.

However the stable was endowed with a fine set of two year olds. An early winner at the end of May was Mr H J Joel’s Mill Reef colt Main Reef. Mercer rode him to win his maiden debut at Sandown Park at the end of May, and then again to win the Chesham Stakes at Royal Ascot. He completed a quickfire hat-trick in early July when winning the July Stakes at Newmarket. He then took a break before reappearing at Newbury when winning the Mill Reef Stakes, later losing the race through disqualification. His season ended slightly disappointingly when beaten into fourth in the Middle Park Stakes. The next top two-year-old to come along was Lord Howard de Walden’s colt Kris. Lord Howard had had horses both with Cecil and Murless, but up to this point the best horse Cecil had trained for him had been the gelding Fool’s Mate, who was a tough handicapper. Kris took the relationship into another realm, but one could not have foretold this from Kris’s early runs. Kris appeared first at Leicester in mid-June and won impressively at 6-1 on his 5furlong maiden debut. Although the press liked his performance, expectations were dampened when stable representative Paddy Rudkin said ‘we have plenty better at home’. His next race was chosen to be a maidens-at-closing race at Folkestone in early July, which he again won well. Kris then suffered a slight setback and was not seen out again until mid-October when with a lot of stable confidence he won the 6furlong Rockingham Stakes at York, coming away powerfully from his field to win by an impressive 4 lengths. Twelve days later he finished off his season when winning the Horris Hill Stakes at Newbury. Not as dominant as in his previous races as Mercer had to give him a harder race, it did show he was improving with each race.

The day after Kris won at Folkestone Mercer rode another fine colt on his debut at Yarmouth. This was Mr Carlo d’Alessio’s Lyphard colt, Lyphard’s Wish, and, odds on, he won this 7furlong maiden well. In mid-July he similarly won his follow-up race the Limekiln Stakes. His third victory was most impressive when he won the Solario Stakes in a course-record time. His season ended with two defeats in the Royal Lodge Stakes and William Hill Futurity that showed him to be just below the best juveniles of that year. Mercer had an embarrassment of riches, as this colt was soon followed by Mr Charles St. George’s colt R B Chesne. Mercer missed this colt’s debut victory as he was under suspension, but rode him in an impressive Washington Singer Stakes victory at Newbury. He again rode him at Doncaster when favourite for the Champagne Stakes. R B Chesne won, but while beating More Light (Hern/Carson), veered off a straight line and made his task more difficult. His final race was as favourite for the Dewhurst Stakes in which he was soundly beaten and finished a disappointing 5th to Tromos. St George was lucky to have another promising two-year-old colt, Borzoi, who created a strong impression when winning his second race at Newmarket.

A new owner to the stable was Helena Springfield Limited who entered horseracing by purchasing three yearlings fillies at the 1977 Newmarket Saes. One was sent to be trained by Michael Stoute (Reprocolor)and the other two went into training with Cecil. Cecil’s first runner for his new owner was Odeon, who finished second (ridden by Mercer) on her debut. Ridden by other jockeys, she then won her maiden before finishing second in the Hoover Fillies Mile to the Mercer ridden Formulate. In the same ownership, One in a Million was ridden in both her races by Mercer. She appeared at the end of September in the Blue Seal Stakes, which she won impressively. She then stepped up further when winning the Houghton Stakes at Newmarket, convincingly beating the highly rated Hern trained colt Milford.

In midsummer Cecil’s stable was endowed with a further owner under more peculiar circumstances. Mr Daniel Wildenstein, a rich Paris art dealer, had owned horses for many years and had won the 1976 One Thousand Guineas with Flying Water and the Oaks with Pawneese, both trained in France by Angel Penna. Penna had decided to retire and return to Argentina, and some horses were sent to be trained in England by Peter Walwyn. Some success was gained and more were sent in 1978, amongst them Wildenstein’s prized stayer Buckskin. All seemed well but at that year’s Royal Ascot Buckskin was well beaten by Shangamuzo in the Ascot Gold Cup. In the unsaddling enclosure Wildenstein complained about jockey Pat Eddery’s riding of the horse and an argument ensued the result of which was that Walwyn asked Wildenstein to remove his horses from his stable. A few weeks later the announcement was made that these horses would be joining Cecil’s Warrren Place string. Mercer and Cecil’s first runner and first winner for Wildenstein was the five year old horse Malecite, who won the Winter Hill Stakes at Windsor. This victory was swiftly followed by Southern Seas winning her maiden at Yarmouth: this three year old filly went on to win four races all ridden by Mercer. Many other races were won, none more important than Buckskin’s victory in the Doncaster Cup. He followed up this victory with a sparkling victory in Jockey Club Cup at Newmarket. In both these victories Mercer chose to lead on this difficult to train five year old.

Despite not winning a classic race Henry Cecil regained the leading trainer title and won more races than ever before, and Mercer rode 115 winners, his highest ever total for a British Flat Season at that stage.


  • Wright, Howard (1986). The Encyclopedia of Flat Racing. Robert Hale. pp. p181. ISBN 0709026390. 
  • Baerlein, Richard (1987). Joe Mercer: The Pictorial Biography. Queen Ann Press. ISBN 0356120007. 
  • Willett, Peter (2000). Dick Hern: The Authorised Biography. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0340 79263 9. 
  • Tanner, Michael (1991). The Major: The Biography of Dick Hern. Pelham Books. ISBN 07207 1963 1. 
  • Keylock's. Dams of Winners 1957 to 1966. Knapp & Drewett. 



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