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Jutland (horse)

Jutland
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Jutlands at pasture
Alternative names: Jydsk
Danish
Country of origin: Denmark
Horse (Equus ferus caballus)

The Jutland horse is a draft horse breed originating from Denmark. The breed can be traced back to the 12th century, and ninth century images of Danish warriors show them on riding horses with similar characteristics.

History

Although its early origins are not fully documented, it is thought that the Jutland was used by the Vikings as war horses during Roman times. They were a popular mount for knights during the Middle Ages, especially for use in jousting. Selection for the modern-day Jutland appears to have begun around 1850, when Suffolk Punch, Cleveland Bay, and Ardennes blood was crossebred on native bloodstock. The development of the breed was significantly influenced by a Suffolk Punch/Shire stallion named Oppenheim LXII, imported into Denmark in 1862. Six generations after Oppenheim, the founding stallion of the modern breed, Aldrup Menkedal, was foaled. Most Jutlands in existence today can be traced back to two of his sons, Hovding and Prins af Jylland. The Jutland resembles the Schleswig, another heavy draft breed with similar origins that was also influenced by Oppenheim LXII.[1][2] It is also possible that the Jutland has been influenced by Yorkshire Coach Horse and Fredericksborg bloodlines.[3]

Characteristics

The Jutland is a compact, heavy horse with short, stocky legs and extensive feathering on the lower legs. They have quite similar conformation to the Suffolk Punch but are generally considered to have a less-refined head. The neck is carried high and is typically thick and muscular, set to somewhat upright shoulders. They are very broad and deep through the chest and have a rounded barrel and short back[3].

The Jutland is typically chestnut in color, although they may also be bay, gray, or roan; they frequently have white markings. They generally stand between 15 and 16.1 hands, and weigh between 1,430 and 1,760 lbs.[1]

The Jutland has been used by the Carlsberg brewery for pulling their drays since 1928. They owned 210 Jutlands at their peak, and today still use around 20 for beer transportation in Copenhagen. The Charlsbad horses still travel to many shows and festivals competing and putting on demonstrations, promoting both brewery and breed[2]. Today, they are rarely used in the agricultural fields for which they were bred.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Bongianni, Maurizio (1988). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Horses and Ponies. Simon & Schuster, Inc.. pp. 102. ISBN 0671660683. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Jutland". Oklahoma State University. http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/horses/. Retrieved December 16, 2007. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Jutland". Equine Kingdom. http://www.equinekingdom.com/breeds/heavy_horses/jutland.htm. Retrieved December 16, 2007. 




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