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List of historical horses



  • Adios, leading sire of harness racehorses
  • Ajax, 18 consecutive race wins, before he was defeated at 1/40.
  • Albatross, harness racer who won 59 of 71 races, and as a sire produced winners of over $130 million, including Niatross
  • All Along, a champion Thoroughbred racehorse that was foaled in France and raced with great success in France and North America
  • Allez France, French Arc winner and first filly to win a million dollars
  • Alydar, finished second to Affirmed in all three Triple Crown races, and one of the great sires in North American history
  • Best Mate, 2002, 2003 and 2004 Cheltenham Gold Cup winner, often given title 'Greatest Steeplechaser' since Arkle, and an equal to him
  • Bulle Rock in 1730 was the first Thoroughbred imported into America.
  • Cardigan Bay, New Zealand's "million dollar pacer", the first to win a million in the US; appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show
  • Cigar, a great champion in the 1990s
  • Dawn Run, great racemare and the only horse ever to complete Champion Hurdle, Cheltenham Gold Cup double
  • Deep Impact, Japanese horse who smashed the world record over 3200 metres
  • Desert Gold, racemare who won 19 races successive races during World War I.
  • Desert Orchid, won King George four times and Cheltenham Gold Cup; national icon and beautiful grey loved by children
  • Eclipse, celebrated 18th century racehorse that won 18 races in 18 starts and was a very influential sire
  • Exterminator exceedingly popular, "iron horse" of American racing history
  • Gloaming, won 19 successive races in New Zealand and Australia.
  • Greyhound, named trotting horse of the century in the US
  • Il Tempo, New Zealand's greatest stayer
  • John Henry, U.S. Champion Turf Horse (1980, 1981, 1983, 1984)
  • Kelso, only five-time winner of U.S. Horse of the Year
  • Kincsem, Hungarian racemare and most successful racehorse ever, winning all 54 starts in five countries
  • Kissin George one of America's premier sprinting Thoroughbred racehorses.
  • Lady Suffolk, the "old gray mare", the first horse to beat the 2.5 minute mile[2][3]
  • La Troienne, most important broodmare of the twentieth century
  • Lexington, America's leading 19th Century sire
  • Longfellow, 19th century's great runner and great stallion
  • Man o' War, often considered America's greatest racehorse; won 20 of 21 career starts
  • Might and Power World Champion Stayer (1997); Australian Horse of the Year (1998, 1999)
  • Niatross, pacer who won 37 of his 39 races and broke many records, considered to be one of the greatest harness racers of all time
  • Northerly, Australian Middle Distance Champion (2002, 2003); Australian Champion Racehorse of the Year (2003)
  • Northern Dancer, Canada's champion on the racetrack; most successful sire of the 20th Century
  • Phar Lap, Australia and New Zealand's most famed thoroughbred racehorse; won 37 of his 51 career starts
  • Picnic In The Park 21 straight wins in Queensland 1984-1985.
  • Ruffian, the great filly champion who won every race she started until her final (and fatal) race
  • Sadler's Wells, one of Europe's greatest sires of the late 20th century
  • Sea Bird II, highest ever Timeform rated horse (rated 145)
  • Steel Dust, 19th Century quarter-mile racing horse[4]
  • Skewball, (sometimes called "Stewball") immortalized in 18th century poetry as a sku-ball winning against a Thoroughbred
  • Storm Cat, one of the great U.S. sires of the late 20th century
  • Varenne Italy most famous harness horse
  • War Admiral, the fourth U.S. Triple Crown winner (1937)
  • Zenyatta, undefeated in 16 starts and the first mare to win the Breeders' Cup Classic (2009), plus the first to win two different Breeders' Cup races (2008, 2009).

Competition horses

  • Arko, an Olympic level show jumping horse
  • Big Ben, a Canadian international show jumper and Olympian
  • Noble Flaire, a Morgan horse who was the first to win three Park Harness World Championships at the American Morgan Horse World Championship Horse Show

Military horses

  • Babieca, horse of El Cid
  • Bijou, horse of Count Johan Augustus Sandels, Swedish Fieldmarshall, Finnish War 1808-1809
  • Black Jack, the last Quartermaster-issued U.S. Army horse, died February 6, 1976
  • Blackie, belonged to Chief Sitting Bull
  • Blueskin, one of General Washington's horses
  • Chetak, war horse of Rana Pratap of Mewar in India
  • Comanche, only documented survivor of General Custer's 7th Cavalry detachment at the Battle of Little Big Horn
  • Copenhagen, the Duke of Wellington's favourite horse, which he rode at the Battle of Waterloo
  • Dilu, the personal steed of Liu Bei which was said to have a hex and marking on his face which would bring misfortune upon its rider
  • Gazala, horse of Baldwin I of Jerusalem
  • Kasztanka, horse of Józef Piłsudski, likely the most famous Polish horse
  • Kitty, horse belonging to Marshal of Finland Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
  • Little Sorrel, Stonewall Jackson's horse
  • Llamrei, steed of King Arthur
  • Magnolia, one of General Washington's horses
  • Marengo, Napoleon's horse which was captured by the British, and outlived Napoleon by eight years
  • (Old) Nelson, one of General Washington's horses
  • Palomo, the main horse of Simon Bolivar
  • Reckless was a samll mare that became a decorated Marine for carrying ammunition into battle for the US Marine platoon[5]
  • Red Hare, also known as Chitu, was Lü Bu's horse from the Three Kingdoms; inspired the phrase "Among men: Lü Bu. Among horses: Red Hare."
  • Shadowless, the personal steed of Cao Cao
  • Rienzi, Philip H. Sheridan's horse
  • Roger Leo, one of General Washington's horses at Valley Forge
  • Streiff, the horse of Gustavus Adolphus at the battle of Lützen
  • Warrior, called "Old Warrior", the mount of General Jack Seely which led many charges "over the top" in WW1.

Horses of various other fames

  • Black Bess, highwayman Dick Turpin's horse
  • Brown Beauty, the horse Paul Revere borrowed for his famous ride.
  • Burmese, the favourite mount of Queen Elizabeth II, which was a gift from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
  • Champion, Gene Autrey's horse
  • Chetak, horse of Rana Pratap Rana Pratap
  • Cloud, the wild mustang stallion documented from birth for a PBS Nature series
  • Diablo, The Cisco Kid's horse
  • Figure (also known by the name of one of his owners, Justin Morgan) – the foundation sire of the Morgan horse breed
  • Gun Rock, the offspring of Man O' War used in the 1920s at UC Davis to breed horses for the U.S. Army Cavalry
  • Halla, the famed show jumping champion, with two world championships (1954 and 1955) and three Olympic gold medals (1956 and 1960)
  • Hollywood Dun It, the all-time leading reining sire and Quarter Horse
  • Huaso, Chilean bred horse, holder of the high jump world record set in Chile in February 5 of 1949, one of the world's longest unbroken sport records.
  • Incitatus, Emperor Caligula's favorite horse, may have been made a Senator
  • Jim Key, "Smartest Horse in the World," a star attraction at 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis
  • Jim, a former milk cart horse used to produce diphtheria antitoxin; contamination of this antitoxin inspired the Biologics Control Act of 1902
  • King, a foundation sire of the Quarter Horse breed
  • Muhamed, the German horse allegedly capable of solving cubic roots.
  • Papoose, Little Beaver's horse Red Ryder's Navajo Ward Sidekick
  • Prince and Lady, Almanzo Wilder's Morgan horse driving team of Laura Ingalls Wilder's Little House books
  • Prometea, born May 28, 2003, the first cloned horse and the first to be born from and carried by its cloning mother
  • Red Buck, the horse of Emmett Dalton
  • Red Fox, a horse of Jesse James
  • Rocinante, Don Quixote's horse
  • Sampson, the tallest horse ever recorded; he was a Shire and stood 21.2½ hands high
  • Scout, Tonto's horse
  • Silver, The Lone Ranger's horse
  • Sportsman, John Mytton's horse, died when forced to drink a bottle of port wine
  • Tarzan, white stallion of actor Ken Maynard
  • Thunder, Red Ryder's horse
  • Tony, horse of actor Tom Mix
  • Tornado, El Zorro's horse

See also

  • List of notable Thoroughbred racehorses


  1. Kirsch, George B. (editor) (1995) "Smuggler vs. Goldsmith Maid, 1876" Sports in North America: A Documentary History, Volume 4: Sports in war, revival and expansion, 1860-1880 Academic International Press, Gulf Breeze, Florida, pp. 206-210, ISBN 0-87569-135-8
  2. Hotaling, Edward (1995) They're off!: horse racing at Saratoga Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York, page 25, ISBN 0-8156-0350-9
  3. "The Horse in 19th Century American Sport: The Golden Age of the Trotting Horse" International Museum of the Horse
  4. Denhardt, Robert Moorman (1967) Quarter Horses: A Story of Two Centuries University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, pp. 20-32, OCLC 1381366
  5. Reckless, Korean War Horse of the Marines Retrieved 2010-5-13


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