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Peneia Pony

Alternative names: Geogalidiko
Country of origin: Greece
Horse (Equus ferus caballus)

The Peneia Pony () is a rare breed of pony from the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Peneia is a poetic name for the peninsula, often found in classical texts.



The breed was founded on an autochthonous Greek variety very possibly related to the Pindos, and later crossed with Anglo-Arab, Anglo-Norman and Nonius strains. Its herdbook was only established in 1995. The breed is found in Ilia and Achaia prefectures in the northwest of the Peloponnese[1].

According to Greek Agriculture Ministry statistics, as of 2002 there were two hundred thirty-one breeding mares and sixty-nine stallions.[2]

Breed Characteristics

Peneias generally stand between 10.1 and 14 hands high, and are usually bay, black, chestnut, or gray, although other colors are seen. They have a well-proportioned head with a convex profile and a well-set neck running into low withers, a wide chest, and muscular, sloping shoulders. They have a short back, sloping croup, and long lets with small, tough hooves[3].

The natural gait of the Peneia breed is fairly stilted, so they are usually taught a smoother gait called the aravani.[4]


Peneias are used as draft animals, pack animals, and mounts for riding and jumping[1]. The stallions are often used for breeding hinnies[3].


  1. 1.0 1.1 Springate, Lynda. "Twenty-five: Principal Pony Breeds of the World". The Encyclopedia of the Horse (reprint ed.). New York: Crescent Books. p. 205, s.v. "Peneia Pony". ISBN 0-517-18461-3. 
  2. "Peneia Pony". EAAP Animal Genetic Data Book. http://www.tiho-hannover.de/einricht/zucht/eaap/descript/1193.htm. Retrieved December 29, 2007. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bongianni, Maurizio (1988). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Horses and Ponies. Simon & Schuster, Inc.. p. 162. ISBN 0671660683. 
  4. "Peneia". Equine Kingdom. http://www.equinekingdom.com/breeds/ponies/peneia.htm. Retrieved December 29, 2007. 


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