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Poule d'Essai des Poulains

Group 1 race
Poule d'Essai des Poulains
(French 2,000 Guineas)
Location Longchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated 1883
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Website france-galop.com
Race information
Distance 1,600 metres (1 mile)
Track Turf, right-handed
Qualification Three-year-old colts
Weight 58 kg
Purse 400,000 (2009)
Distribution
1st: 57.14%, 2nd: 22.86%
3rd: 11.43%, 4th: 5.71%
5th: 2.86%

The Poule d'Essai des Poulains, sometimes referred to as the French 2,000 Guineas, is a Group 1 flat horse race in France which is open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 1,600 metres (about 1 mile), and it is scheduled to take place each year in May.

Contents

History

A mixed-sex race called the Poule d'Essai was established in 1840, and it was initially held at the Champ de Mars. It was inspired by two "classic" races in England, the 2,000 Guineas (for both colts and fillies) and the 1,000 Guineas (for fillies only). Its inaugural running covered one circuit of the Champs de Mars, about 2,000 metres, and this was cut to a three-quarter lap (1,500 metres) in its second year. On two occasions, in 1843 and 1844, the event was cancelled due to an insufficient number of entries. It was transferred to a new venue, Longchamp, in 1857, and its distance was extended to 1,600 metres in 1867. It was abandoned in 1871 because of the Franco-Prussian War.

The Poule d'Essai des Poulains was created in 1883, when the Poule d'Essai was divided into two separate races. The "Poulains" was restricted to colts only, and the other race, the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, was reserved for fillies. It was cancelled throughout World War I, with no running from 1915 to 1918, and it was also disrupted during World War II. There was no racing in France in the spring of 1940, but a substitute event, which combined both the "Poulains" and the "Pouliches", was held at Auteuil in October. This was titled the Prix d'Essai, and it was won by the colt Djebel. The Poule d'Essai des Poulains was temporarily switched to Le Tremblay in 1943, and for the following two years it was run at Maisons-Laffitte. It returned to Longchamp in 1946.

When the present system of race grading was introduced in 1971, the Poule d'Essai des Poulains was classed at the highest level, Group 1. The first foreign-trained horse to win was Recitation in 1981, who was trained in England by Guy Harwood. The event formerly took place on Longchamp's middle course (the moyenne piste), and the fastest winning time on this track was 1m 35.8s. This was recorded by Siberian Express in 1984. The race was moved to the main course (the grande piste) in 1987, and since then the fastest time has been 1m 34.5s, which was achieved by Victory Note in 1998.

Records

Leading jockey (6 wins):

  • Freddy HeadGreen Dancer (1975), Red Lord (1976), Blushing John (1988), Linamix (1990), Hector Protector (1991), Shanghai (1992)

Leading trainer (11 wins):

  • Robert Denman – Regain (1883), Archiduc (1884), Vinicius (1903), Gouvernant (1904), Val d'Or (1905), Ouadi Halfa (1907), Lord Burgoyne (1911), Dagor (1913), Le Traquet (1921), Sir Gallahad (1923), Asterus (1926)

Leading owner (8 wins):

  • Edmond Blanc – Arreau (1896), Governor (1900), Vinicius (1903), Gouvernant (1904), Val d'Or (1905), Ouadi Halfa (1907), Lord Burgoyne (1911), Dagor (1913)
  • HH Aga Khan IVBuisson Ardent (1956), Zeddaan (1968), Kalamoun (1973), Blushing Groom (1977), Nishapour (1978), Ashkalani (1996), Daylami (1997), Sendawar (1999)

Winners since 1970

Year

Winner

Jockey

Trainer

Owner

Time
1970 Caro [1] Bill Williamson Albert Klimscha Countess Batthyany 1:41.30
1971 Zug Jean-Claude Desaint John Cunnington, Sr. William R. Hawn 1:37.60
1972 Riverman Jean-Claude Desaint Alec Head Germaine Wertheimer 1:38.60
1973 Kalamoun Henri Samani François Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 1:41.80
1974 Moulines Maurice Philipperon Richard Carver Junzo Kashiyama 1:43.90
1975 Green Dancer Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:39.30
1976 Red Lord Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:42.30
1977 Blushing Groom Henri Samani François Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 1:41.80
1978 Nishapour Henri Samani François Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 1:46.10
1979 Irish River Maurice Philipperon John Cunnington, Jr. Mrs Raymond Adès 1:39.80
1980 In Fijar Georges Doleuze Mitri Saliba Mahmoud Fustok 1:38.40
1981 Recitation Greville Starkey Guy Harwood Anthony Bodie 1:40.70
1982 Melyno Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet Stavros Niarchos 1:38.60
1983 L'Emigrant Cash Asmussen François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:46.30
1984 Siberian Express Alfred Gibert André Fabre Mahmoud Fustok 1:35.80
1985 No Pass No Sale Yves Saint-Martin Robert Collet Richard C. Strauss 1:38.10
1986 Fast Topaze Cash Asmussen Georges Mikhalidès Mahmoud Fustok 1:48.30
1987 Soviet Star Greville Starkey André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 1:36.20
1988 Blushing John Freddy Head François Boutin Allen E. Paulson 1:37.20
1989 Kendor Maurice Philipperon Raymond Touflan Adolf Bader 1:36.10
1990 Linamix Freddy Head François Boutin Jean-Luc Lagardère 1:35.90
1991 Hector Protector Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:37.60
1992 Shanghai Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:38.20
1993 Kingmambo Cash Asmussen François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:39.10
1994 Green Tune Olivier Doleuze Criquette Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:37.40
1995 Vettori Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:40.40
1996 Ashkalani Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:37.60
1997 Daylami Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:42.60
1998 Victory Note John Reid Peter Chapple-Hyam Magnier / Sangster 1:34.50
1999 Sendawar Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:36.20
2000 Bachir Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:39.40
2001 Vahorimix [2] Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Jean-Luc Lagardère 1:35.40
2002 Landseer Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Tabor / Magnier 1:36.80
2003 Clodovil Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Lagardère Family 1:36.40
2004 American Post Richard Hughes Criquette Head-Maarek Khalid Abdullah 1:36.50
2005 Shamardal Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:39.20
2006 Aussie Rules Kieren Fallon Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Salman 1:37.00
2007 Astronomer Royal Colm O'Donoghue Aidan O'Brien Smith / Tabor / Magnier 1:37.10
2008 Falco Olivier Peslier Carlos Laffon-Parias Wertheimer et Frère 1:35.60
2009 Silver Frost Christophe Soumillon Yves de Nicolay John D. Cotton 1:35.43
2010 Lope de Vega Maxime Guyon André Fabre Gestut Ammerland 1:36.10

1 Faraway Son finished first in 1970, but he was relegated to third place following a Stewards' Inquiry.
2 Noverre finished first in 2001, but he was subsequently disqualified after testing positive for the banned substance methylprednisolone.

Earlier winners

Poule d'Essai

  • 1840 - Giges
  • 1841 - Fiammetta
  • 1842 - Annetta
  • 1843–44 - no race
  • 1845 - Commodor Napier
  • 1846 - Philip Shah
  • 1847 - Tronquette
  • 1848 - Gambetti
  • 1849 - Experience
  • 1850 - Saint Germain
  • 1851 - First Born
  • 1852 - Bounty
  • 1853 - Moustique
  • 1854 - Nancy
  • 1855 - Monarque
  • 1856 - Nat
  • 1857 - Florin
  • 1858 - Brocoli
  • 1859 - Bakaloum
  • 1860 - Gustave
  • 1861 - Isabella
  • 1862 - Stradella
  • 1863 - Stentor
  • 1864 - Baronella
  • 1865 - Gontran
  • 1866 - Puebla
  • 1867 - Nicolet
  • 1868 - Gouvernail
  • 1869 - Consul
  • 1870 - Valois
  • 1871 - no race
  • 1872 - Revigny
  • 1873 - Sire
  • 1874 - Novateur
  • 1875 - Saint Cyr
  • 1876 - Enguerrande
  • 1877 - Fontainebleau
  • 1878 - Clementine
  • 1879 - Zut
  • 1880 - Le Destrier
  • 1881 - Promethee
  • 1882 - Barbe Bleu


Poule d'Essai des Poulains

  • 1883 - Regain
  • 1884 - Archiduc
  • 1885 - Xaintrailles
  • 1886 - Gamin
  • 1887 - Brio
  • 1888 - Reyezuelo
  • 1889 - Phlegethon
  • 1890 - Heaume
  • 1891 - Le Hardy
  • 1892 - Fra Angelico
  • 1893 - Le Nicham
  • 1894 - Beaujolais
  • 1895 - Launay
  • 1896 - Arreau
  • 1897 - Indian Chief
  • 1898 - Rodilard
  • 1899 - Perth
  • 1900 - Governor
  • 1901 - Cheri
  • 1902 - Retz
  • 1903 - Vinicius
  • 1904 - Gouvernant
  • 1905 - Val d'Or
  • 1906 - Eider
  • 1907 - Ouadi Halfa
  • 1908 - Monitor
  • 1909 - Verdun
  • 1910 - Sifflet
  • 1911 - Lord Burgoyne
  • 1912 - De Viris
  • 1913 - Dagor
  • 1914 - Listman
  • 1915–18 - no race
  • 1919 - McKinley
  • 1920 - Pendennis
  • 1921 - Le Traquet
  • 1922 - Mont Blanc
  • 1924 - Tapin
  • 1925 - Faraway
  • 1926 - Asterus
  • 1927 - Fiterari
  • 1928 - Dark Lantern
  • 1929 - Vatout
  • 1930 - Xandover
  • 1931 - Indus
  • 1932 - Le Becau
  • 1933 - Rodosto
  • 1935 - Kant
  • 1936 - Davout
  • 1937 - Drap d'Or
  • 1938 - Gaspillage
  • 1939 - Mac Kann
  • 1941 - Panipat
  • 1942 - Hexton
  • 1943 - Dogat
  • 1944 - Prince Bio
  • 1945 - Mistral
  • 1946 - Pactole
  • 1947 - Tourment
  • 1948 - Rigolo
  • 1949 - Amour Drake
  • 1951 - Free Man
  • 1952 - Guersant
  • 1953 - Cobalt
  • 1954 - Cote d'Or
  • 1955 - Klairon
  • 1956 - Buisson Ardent
  • 1957 - Tyrone
  • 1958 - Pres de Feu
  • 1959 - Thymus
  • 1960 - Mincio
  • 1961 - Right Royal
  • 1962 - Adamastor
  • 1964 - Neptunus
  • 1965 - Cambremont
  • 1966 - Soleil
  • 1967 - Blue Tom
  • 1968 - Zeddaan
  • 1969 - Don II


References


  • horseracingintfed.comInternational Federation of Horseracing Authorities – Poule d'Essai des Poulains (2009).

See also



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