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Poule d'Essai des Pouliches

Group 1 race
Poule d'Essai des Pouliches
(French 1,000 Guineas)
Location Longchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated 1883
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Website france-galop.com
Race information
Distance 1,600 metres (1 mile)
Track Turf, right-handed
Qualification Three-year-old fillies
Weight 57 kg
Purse 400,000 (2009)
Distribution
1st: 57.14%, 2nd: 22.86%
3rd: 11.43%, 4th: 5.71%
5th: 2.86%

The Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, sometimes referred to as the French 1,000 Guineas, is a Group 1 flat horse race in France which is open to three-year-old thoroughbred fillies. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 1,600 metres (about 1 mile), and it is scheduled to take place each year in May.

Contents

History

A mixed-sex race called the Poule d'Essai was established in 1840, and it was initially held at the Champ de Mars. It was inspired by two "classic" races in England, the 2,000 Guineas (for both colts and fillies) and the 1,000 Guineas (for fillies only). Its inaugural running covered one circuit of the Champs de Mars, about 2,000 metres, and this was cut to a three-quarter lap (1,500 metres) in its second year. On two occasions, in 1843 and 1844, the event was cancelled due to an insufficient number of entries. It was transferred to a new venue, Longchamp, in 1857, and its distance was extended to 1,600 metres in 1867. It was abandoned in 1871 because of the Franco-Prussian War.

The Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was created in 1883, when the Poule d'Essai was divided into two separate races. The "Pouliches" was restricted to fillies only, and the other race, the Poule d'Essai des Poulains, was reserved for colts. It was cancelled throughout World War I, with no running from 1915 to 1918, and it was also disrupted during World War II. There was no racing in France in the spring of 1940, but a substitute event, which combined both the "Pouliches" and the "Poulains", was held at Auteuil in October. This was titled the Prix d'Essai, and it was won by the colt Djebel. The Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was temporarily switched to Le Tremblay in 1943, and for the following two years it was run at Maisons-Laffitte. It returned to Longchamp in 1946.

When the present system of race grading was introduced in 1971, the Poule d'Essai des Pouliches was classed at the highest level, Group 1. The event formerly took place on Longchamp's middle course (the moyenne piste), and the fastest winning time on this track was 1m 38.4s. This was recorded by Ivanjica in 1975. The race has been staged on the main course (the grande piste) since 1987. The first foreign-trained horse to win was Culture Vulture in 1992, who was trained in England by Paul Cole. The fastest time over its current course is 1m 35.2s, which was achieved by Zarkava in 2008.

Records

Leading jockey (8 wins):

  • Freddy HeadIvanjica (1975), Riverqueen (1976), Dancing Maid (1978), Three Troikas (1979), Silvermine (1985), Miesque (1987), Matiara (1995), Always Loyal (1997)

Leading trainer (7 wins):

  • Charles Semblat – Esmeralda (1942), Caravelle (1943), Palencia (1944), Corteira (1948), Coronation / Galgala (1949), Corejada (1950), Djelfa (1951)

Leading owner (8 wins):

  • Marcel BoussacEsmeralda (1942), Caravelle (1943), Palencia (1944), Corteira (1948), Coronation / Galgala (1949), Corejada (1950), Djelfa (1951), Apollonia (1956)

Winners since 1970

Year

Winner

Jockey

Trainer

Owner

Time
1970 Pampered Miss Maurice Philipperon John Cunnington, Jr. Nelson Bunker Hunt 1:40.60
1971 Bold Fascinator Bill Williamson John Fellows W. P. Rosso 1:39.70
1972 Mata Hari Jean Cruguet Angel Penna, Sr. Countess Batthyany 1:44.70
1973 Allez France Yves Saint-Martin Albert Klimscha Daniel Wildenstein 1:44.60
1974 Dumka Alain Lequeux Jacques de Chevigny C. Bauer 1:47.50
1975 Ivanjica Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:38.40
1976 Riverqueen Freddy Head Christian Datessen Ghislaine Head 1:38.60
1977 Madelia Yves Saint-Martin Angel Penna, Sr. Daniel Wildenstein 1:39.90
1978 Dancing Maid Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 1:45.30
1979 Three Troikas Freddy Head Criquette Head Ghislaine Head 1:46.00
1980 Aryenne Maurice Philipperon John Fellows D. G. Volkert 1:43.60
1981 Ukraine Girl Pat Eddery Robert Collet Meg Mullion 1:41.00
1982 River Lady Lester Piggott François Boutin Robert Sangster 1:39.60
1983 L'Attrayante Alain Badel Olivier Douieb Mrs Charles Thériot 1:42.50
1984 Masarika Yves Saint-Martin Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:39.30
1985 Silvermine Freddy Head Criquette Head Ghislaine Head 1:40.70
1986 Baiser Vole Guy Guignard Criquette Head Robert Sangster 1:39.90
1987 Miesque Freddy Head François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:38.10
1988 Ravinella Gary W. Moore Criquette Head Ecurie Aland 1:38.30
1989 Pearl Bracelet Alfred Gibert Roger Wojtowiez Ecurie Fustok 1:37.10
1990 Houseproud Pat Eddery André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 1:38.50
1991 Danseuse du Soir Dominique Boeuf Elie Lellouche Daniel Wildenstein 1:38.60
1992 Culture Vulture Richard Quinn Paul Cole Christopher Wright 1:37.00
1993 Madeleine's Dream Cash Asmussen François Boutin Allen E. Paulson 1:36.40
1994 East of the Moon Cash Asmussen François Boutin Stavros Niarchos 1:37.10
1995 Matiara Freddy Head Criquette Head Ecurie Aland 1:42.40
1996 Ta Rib Willie Carson Ed Dunlop Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:38.70
1997 Always Loyal Freddy Head Criquette Head Maktoum Al Maktoum 1:40.20
1998 Zalaiyka Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:35.70
1999 Valentine Waltz Ray Cochrane John Gosden Kirby Maher Syndicate 1:36.00
2000 Bluemamba Thierry Jarnet Pascal Bary Ecurie Skymarc Farm 1:40.20
2001 Rose Gypsy Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 1:36.70
2002 Zenda Richard Hughes John Gosden Khalid Abdullah 1:37.00
2003 Musical Chimes Christophe Soumillon André Fabre Maktoum Al Maktoum 1:36.00
2004 Torrestrella Olivier Peslier François Rohaut Bernard Bargues 1:35.70
2005 Divine Proportions Christophe Lemaire Pascal Bary Niarchos Family 1:38.50
2006 Tie Black [1] Jean-Bernard Eyquem François Rohaut Javier Gispert 1:36.60
2007 Darjina Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré Princess Zahra Aga Khan 1:37.20
2008 Zarkava Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 1:35.20
2009 Elusive Wave Christophe Lemaire Jean-Claude Rouget Martin S. Schwartz 1:36.87
2010 Special Duty [2] Stephane Pasquier Criquette Head Khalid Abdullah 1:37.40

1 Price Tag finished first in 2006, but she was relegated to third place following a Stewards' Inquiry.

2 Liliside finished first in 2010, but she was relegated to sixth place following a Stewards' Inquiry. </span>

Earlier winners

  • 1883 - Stockholm
  • 1884 - Yvrande
  • 1885 - Barberine
  • 1886 - Sakountala
  • 1887 - Tenebreuse
  • 1888 - Widgeon
  • 1889 - May Pole
  • 1890 - Wandora
  • 1891 - Primrose
  • 1892 - Kairouan
  • 1893 - Tilly
  • 1894 - Calceolaire
  • 1895 - Andree
  • 1896 - Riposte
  • 1897 - Roxelane
  • 1898 - Polymnie
  • 1899 - Sesara
  • 1900 - Semendria
  • 1901 - La Camargo
  • 1902 - Kizil Kourgan
  • 1903 - Rose de Mai
  • 1904 - Xylene
  • 1905 - Princesse Lointaine
  • 1906 - Sais
  • 1907 - Madree
  • 1908 - Sauge Pourpree
  • 1909 - Ronde de Nuit
  • 1910 - Vellica
  • 1911 - Bolide
  • 1912 - Porte Maillot
  • 1913 - Banshee
  • 1914 - Diavolezza
  • 1915–18 - no race
  • 1919 - Galejade
  • 1920 - Flowershop
  • 1921 - Nephthys
  • 1922 - Frisky
  • 1923 - Anna Bolena
  • 1924 - Rebia
  • 1925 - La Dame de Trefle
  • 1926 - Mackwiller
  • 1927 - Fairy Legend
  • 1928 - Roahouga
  • 1929 - Poesie
  • 1930 - Rose The
  • 1932 - Ligne de Fond
  • 1933 - Bipearl
  • 1934 - Mary Tudor
  • 1935 - The Nile
  • 1936 - Blue Bear
  • 1937 - Colette Baudoche
  • 1938 - Feerie
  • 1939 - Yonne
  • 1940 - no race
  • 1941 - Longthanh
  • 1942 - Esmeralda
  • 1943 - Caravelle
  • 1944 - Palencia
  • 1945 - Nikellora
  • 1946 - Real
  • 1947 - Imprudence
  • 1948 - Corteira
  • 1949 - Coronation / Galgala *
  • 1950 - Corejada
  • 1951 - Djelfa
  • 1952 - Pomare
  • 1953 - Hurnli
  • 1954 - Virgule
  • 1955 - Dictaway
  • 1956 - Apollonia
  • 1957 - Toro
  • 1958 - Yla
  • 1959 - Ginetta
  • 1960 - Timandra
  • 1961 - Solitude
  • 1962 - La Sega
  • 1963 - Altissima
  • 1964 - Rajput Princess
  • 1965 - La Sarre
  • 1966 - Right Away
  • 1967 - Gazala
  • 1968 - Pola Bella
  • 1969 - Koblenza

* The 1949 race was a dead-heat and has joint winners.

References


  • horseracingintfed.comInternational Federation of Horseracing Authorities – Poule d'Essai des Pouliches (2009).

See also



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