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Prix Royal-Oak

Group 1 race
Prix Royal-Oak
(French St. Leger)
Location Longchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated 1861
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Website france-galop.com
Race information
Distance 3,100 metres (1m 7½f)
Track Turf, right-handed
Qualification Three-years-old and up
Weight 55 kg (3yo); 59 kg (4yo+)
Allowances
1½ kg for fillies and mares
Purse 250,000 (2009)
Distribution
1st: 57.14%, 2nd: 22.86%
3rd: 11.43%, 4th: 5.71%
5th: 2.86%

The Prix Royal-Oak is a Group 1 flat horse race in France which is open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 3,100 metres (about 1 mile and 7½ furlongs), and it is scheduled to take place each year in late October.

Contents

History

The event was established in 1861, and it was initially called the Grand Prix du Prince Impérial. It was originally restricted to horses aged three, and in its early years it was contested over 3,200 metres. It was the French equivalent of the St. Leger Stakes, and it completed a full program of races based on the English "Classic" system. It followed the Poule d'Essai (Guineas), the Prix du Jockey Club (Derby) and the Prix de Diane (Oaks). The program was modified in 1863 with the introduction of a new race, the prestigious Grand Prix de Paris. This took place in June, and it was run over a similar distance to that of the Grand Prix du Prince Impérial.

The race was given its present name in 1869, and simultaneously its distance was shortened to 3,000 metres. The new title was in honour of Royal Oak (foaled 1823), a key stallion in the establishment of thoroughbred breeding in France.

The Prix Royal-Oak was abandoned throughout the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71) and World War I (1914–18), and it was cancelled twice during World War II, in 1939 and 1940. It was temporarily switched to Le Tremblay in 1943 and 1944.

The event's distance was extended to 3,100 metres in 1964. When the present system of race grading began in 1971, the Prix Royal-Oak was classed at the highest level, Group 1. For a period it was held in mid September, but it was moved to late October in 1977. It was opened to horses aged four or older in 1979, and to geldings in 1986.

Records

Leading jockey (6 wins):

  • Freddy HeadDhaudevi (1968), Bourbon (1971), Busiris (1974), Gold River (1980), Agent Double (1984), Top Sunrise (1989)

Leading trainer (7 wins):

  • François Mathet – Vamour (1959), Match (1961), Relko (1963), Reliance (1965), Sassafras (1970), Henri le Balafre (1975), Exceller (1976)

Leading owner (6 wins):

  • Frédéric de Lagrange – Palestro (1861), Fille de l'Air (1864), Gladiateur (1865), Nelusco (1868), Inval (1878), Zut (1879)

Winners since 1969

Year

Winner

Age

Jockey

Trainer

Owner

Time
1969 Le Chouan 3 A. Jézéquel Freddie Palmer Geoffroy de Waldner 3:41.30
1970 Sassafras [1] 3 Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet Arpad Plesch 3:21.30
1971 Bourbon 3 Freddy Head Alec Head Germaine Wertheimer 3:32.50
1972 Pleben 3 Marcel Depalmas Geoffroy Watson Baron de Redé 3:30.60
1973 Lady Berry 3 Marcel Depalmas Geoffroy Watson Guy de Rothschild 3:26.10
1974 Busiris 3 Freddy Head Maurice Zilber Nelson Bunker Hunt 3:25.90
1975 Henri le Balafre 3 Henri Samani François Mathet C. Puerari 3:29.00
1976 Exceller 3 Gérard Dubroeucq François Mathet Nelson Bunker Hunt 3:33.80
1977 Rex Magna 3 Philippe Paquet François Boutin Mrs Jean Couturié 3:28.70
1978 Brave Johnny 3 Henri Samani C. W. Bartholomew Mireille Darc 3:30.10
1979 Niniski 3 Willie Carson Dick Hern Lady Beaverbrook 3:39.90
1980 Gold River 3 Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 3:39.50
1981 Ardross 5 Lester Piggott Henry Cecil Charles St. George 3:37.70
1982 Denel 3 Yves Saint-Martin Bernard Sécly Mrs Salomon Nathan 3:44.20
1983 Old Country 4 Pat Eddery Luca Cumani Mrs O. Abegg 3:24.90
1984 Agent Double 3 Freddy Head Criquette Head Jacques Wertheimer 3:42.20
1985 Mersey 3 Jean-Luc Kessas Patrick Biancone Daniel Wildenstein 3:22.70
1986 El Cuite 3 Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Sheikh Mohammed 3:29.60
1987 Royal Gait 4 Alfred Gibert John Fellows Manuel Pereira-Arias 3:34.60
1988 Star Lift 4 Cash Asmussen André Fabre Daniel Wildenstein 3:29.80
1989 Top Sunrise 4 Freddy Head André Fabre Charles E. Schmidt 3:22.00

1990

Braashee (DH) 4 Michael Roberts Alec Stewart Maktoum Al Maktoum 3:38.40

1990

Indian Queen (DH) 5 Walter Swinburn Lord Huntingdon Sir Gordon Brunton 3:38.40
1991 Turgeon 5 Tony Cruz Jonathan Pease George Strawbridge 3:23.40
1992 Assessor 3 Richard Quinn Richard Hannon Bjorn E. Nielsen 3:35.80
1993 Raintrap 3 Pat Eddery André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 3:45.80
1994 Moonax 3 Pat Eddery Barry Hills Sheikh Mohammed 3:28.90
1995 Sunshack 4 Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 3:16.20
1996 Red Roses Story 4 Vincent Vion Corine Barande-Barbe Corine Barande-Barbe 3:38.40
1997 Ebadiyla 3 Gérald Mossé John Oxx HH Aga Khan IV 3:26.50
1998 Tiraaz 4 Gérald Mossé Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 3:58.40
1999 Amilynx 3 Olivier Peslier André Fabre Jean-Luc Lagardère 3:40.60
2000 Amilynx 4 Olivier Peslier André Fabre Jean-Luc Lagardère 3:33.40
2001 Vinnie Roe 3 Pat Smullen Dermot Weld Sheridan / Balzarini 3:37.80
2002 Mr Dinos 3 Dominique Boeuf Paul Cole Constantine Shiacolas 3:38.50
2003 Westerner 4 Dominique Boeuf Elie Lellouche Ecurie Wildenstein 3:31.20
2004 Westerner 5 Stéphane Pasquier Elie Lellouche Ecurie Wildenstein 3:28.90
2005 Alcazar 10 Michael Fenton Hughie Morrison Repard / Melrose et al. 3:27.30
2006 Montare 4 Olivier Peslier Jonathan Pease George Strawbridge 3:20.30
2007 Allegretto 4 Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute Cheveley Park Stud 3:15.50
2008 Yeats 7 Johnny Murtagh Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Nagle 3:19.30
2009 Ask 6 Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute Patrick J. Fahey 3:32.17

1 Hallez finished first in 1970, but he was relegated to second place following a Stewards' Inquiry.

Earlier winners

  • 1861 - Palestro
  • 1862 - Souvenir
  • 1863 - La Toucques
  • 1864 - Fille de l'Air
  • 1866 - Etoile Filante
  • 1867 - Patricien
  • 1868 - Nelusco
  • 1869 - Clotho
  • 1870–71 - no race
  • 1872 - Barbillon
  • 1873 - Boiard
  • 1874 - Mignonette
  • 1875 - Perplexe
  • 1876 - Kilt
  • 1877 - Jongleur
  • 1878 - Inval
  • 1879 - Zut
  • 1880 - Beauminet
  • 1881 - Perplexite
  • 1882 - Clio
  • 1883 - Stockholm
  • 1884 - Archiduc
  • 1885 - Escarboucle
  • 1886 - Gamin
  • 1887 - Bavarde
  • 1888 - Galaor
  • 1889 - Pourtant
  • 1890 - Alicante
  • 1891 - Berenger
  • 1892 - Chene Royal
  • 1893 - Ramleh
  • 1894 - Gouvernail
  • 1895 - Bombon
  • 1896 - Champaubert
  • 1897 - Chambertin
  • 1898 - Le Roi Soleil
  • 1899 - Perth
  • 1900 - Ivoire
  • 1901 - Jacobite
  • 1902 - Fer
  • 1903 - Tarquato Tasso
  • 1904 - Macdonald II
  • 1905 - Clyde
  • 1907 - Anemone
  • 1908 - Medeah
  • 1909 - Aveu
  • 1910 - Reinhart
  • 1911 - Combourg
  • 1912 - Gorgorito
  • 1913 - Bruleur
  • 1914–18 - no race
  • 1919 - Stearine
  • 1920 - Embry
  • 1922 - Keror
  • 1923 - Filibert de Savoie
  • 1924 - Uganda
  • 1925 - Priori
  • 1926 - Biribi
  • 1927 - Fiterari
  • 1928 - Cacao
  • 1929 - Calandria
  • 1930 - Taicoun
  • 1931 - Deiri
  • 1932 - Laeken
  • 1933 - Jumbo
  • 1935 - Bokbul
  • 1936 - Fantastic
  • 1937 - Victrix
  • 1938 - Eclair au Chocolat
  • 1939–40 - no race
  • 1942 - Tifinar
  • 1943 - Verso II
  • 1944 - Samaritain
  • 1945 - Caracalla
  • 1946 - Souverain
  • 1947 - Tourment
  • 1948 - Spooney
  • 1949 - Ciel Etoile
  • 1950 - Pan
  • 1951 - Stymphale
  • 1952 - Feu du Diable
  • 1953 - Buisson d'Or
  • 1954 - Sica Boy
  • 1955 - Macip
  • 1956 - Arabian
  • 1957 - Scot
  • 1958 - Wallaby
  • 1959 - Vamour
  • 1960 - Puissant Chef
  • 1962 - Sicilian Prince
  • 1964 - Barbieri
  • 1965 - Reliance
  • 1966 - Vasco de Gama
  • 1967 - Samos
  • 1968 - Dhaudevi


References


  • horseracingintfed.comInternational Federation of Horseracing Authorities – Prix Royal-Oak (2009).

See also

  • Recurring events established in 1861 – this race is included under its original title, Grand Prix du Prince Impérial.



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