Rachel Lambert Mellon
|Rachel Lambert Mellon|
|Occupation||Horticulturalist, arts patron|
Rachel Lowe Lambert Lloyd Mellon (born August 9, 1910) is an American horticulturalist, gardener, philanthropist, fine arts collector, member of the International Best Dressed List, and widow of philanthropist, art collector, thoroughbred racehorse owner/breeder, and banking heir Paul Mellon.
Known as Bunny, she is the eldest child of Gerard Barnes Lambert, a president of Gillette Safety Razor Co. and a founder of Warner-Lambert (Warner-Lambert is now part of Pfizer, following a 2000 merger). Her mother was the former Rachel Lowe. She had two siblings: Gerard Barnes Lambert Jr (1912-1947; married Elsa Cover, former wife of Angus D Mackintosh) and Lily Cary Lambert (1914-2006; married William Wilson Fleming and John Gilman McCarthy).
Her parents divorced in 1933, and several months later, in 1934, her mother married, as her second husband, Dr Malvern Bryan Clopton, a surgeon. He had been the widower of Gerard Lambert Sr's sister, Lily Lambert Walker.
Gerard Lambert Sr married, as his second wife, on 18 April 1936, Grace Cleveland Lansing Mull, the former wife of John B Mull and a daughter of Henry Livingston Lansing.
In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1932 (divorced 1948), Rachel Lowe Lambert married Stacy Barcroft Lloyd Jr. They had two children:
- Stacy Barcroft Lloyd 3d
- Eliza Winn Lloyd (died 2008; married and divorced Viscount Moore).
In 1948 Rachel Lambert Lloyd married, as her second husband, banking heir and art collector Paul Mellon (11 June 1907 – 1 February 1999). By this marriage, she had two stepchildren, Timothy Mellon and Catherine Conover Mellon (later Mrs John Warner and now known as Catherine Conover). Together the couple collected and donated more than 1,000 works of art, mostly eighteenth- and nineteenth-century European paintings, to the National Gallery of Art. The couple also bred and raced thoroughbred horses, including a winner of the Kentucky Derby.
Mellon was a longtime friend of John Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy, advising Mrs. Kennedy first on fine arts and antiques during the Kennedy White House restoration, and then contributing to the design of the grounds of the president's house. In 1961 on Mrs. Kennedy's request Mellon redesigned the White House Rose Garden creating a more open space for public ceremony and introducing American species of plants including Magnolia soulangeana. She next began work on the White House's East Garden, but was unable to complete it before the assassination of President Kennedy. First Lady Lady Bird Johnson asked Mellon to complete work on the East Garden and in 1965 it was dedicated as the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden.
Frederick Baron, Edwards' campaign finance chairman, in August 2008, told NBC News that he had been providing financial assistance to both Rielle Hunter and Andrew Young without Edwards' knowledge. He further stated that no campaign funds were used. Young had reportedly also successfully solicited funds from Rachel "Bunny" Mellon, a 99-year-old heiress to the Mellon fortune.
- Abbott James A., and Elaine M. Rice. Designing Camelot: The Kennedy White House Restoration. Van Nostrand Reinhold: 1998. ISBN 0-442-02532-7.
- Garrett, Wendell. Our Changing White House. Northeastern University Press: 1995. ISBN 1-55553-222-5.
- McEwan, Barbara. White House Landscapes. Walker and Company: 1992. ISBN 0-8027-1192-8.
- Mellon, Rachel Lambert. The White House Gardens Concepts and Design of the Rose Garden. Great American Editions Ltd.: 1973.
- Seale, William. The White House Garden. White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society: 1996. ISBN 0-912308-69-9.
- ↑ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article713238.ece
- ↑ http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,882467,00.html
- ↑ Later in life, after her divorce, she used the name Eliza Lambert Lloyd, but her wedding announcement in The New York Times in 1968 called her Eliza W. Lloyd and news articles about her coming out in 1961 called her Eliza Winn Lloyd. Her obituary in The New York Times, however, called her Eliza Lloyd Moore.
- ↑ Yale Center for British Art