Russia was a notable Australian bred Thoroughbred racehorse. He was a chestnut colt foaled in 1940 by Excitement (IRE) from the unraced Lady March by Bonnement (GB). Russia was bred at Trangie, New South Wales by Mr J. G. Leeds and trained throughout his career by Ted Hush. During Russia's racing career Mr Leeds gave Ted Hush a half share in Russia prior to his Melbourne Cup win.
A hardy competitor he competed for seven seasons over distances from 5 furlongs (1,000 metres) to 2 ¼ miles, starting 89 times for 22½ wins, which included victories in 19 principal races. Racing under weight for age conditions he won 12½ races and defeated Shannon and Flight when they were at the peak of their racing careers.
His biggest win was the 1946 VRC Melbourne Cup which he won by 5 lengths in a time of 3 minutes 21.25 seconds that equalled the then race record set by Wotan ten years earlier.
Russia won a further 10 races following his Melbourne Cup win. He won ₤39,273 during his racing career.
Russia stood at stud in 1948 before he returned to racing in the autumn of 1949. He was sold to American interests after the conclusion of his racing career. Russia did not sire any principal race winners in Australia but did produce three stakes winners in the US.