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Samuel Ogle

Samuel Ogle (c. 1694 – May 3, 1752) was the Provincial Governor of Maryland from 1731 to 1732, 1733 to 1742, and 1746/1747 to 1752.

Contents

Background

The Ogle family was quite prominent for many centuries in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England. Samuel was born to Henry Ogle of Eglingham, Queen Anne's commissioner to Ireland, circa 1694.[1]

Governorship

Samuel Ogle became a captain of a cavalry regiment in the British Army. Appointed as Provincial Governor of Maryland by Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore on December 7, 1731, he was dispatched to Colonial America in 1732.[1]

Cresap's War

Under Ogle's leadership Maryland quickly became engaged in a border dispute with Pennsylvania.[2] Several settlers were taken prisoners on both sides and Penn sent a committee to Governor Ogle to resolve the situation.[2] Rioting broke out in the disputed territory (now known as Cresap's War) and Ogle appealed to the King George II for resolution.[2]

Faced with this situation, Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore arrived in Maryland and assumed charge of the colony in December 1732.[2] Upon Calvert's arrival, Ogle retired from the governorship[1] for the first time. He would do this twice more. He resumed the governorship in 1733.

The border dispute would not be settled until 1767 when the Mason-Dixon line was recognized as the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania.[3]

Return to England

In 1740, Ogle was dispatched to England following England's declaration of war against Spain and left Benjamin Tasker, Sr. with power of attorney and "the task of supervising the construction of a new house at Belair."[4]

In 1741, Ogle married the much younger Anne Tasker (1723–1817), daughter of Benjamin Tasker and Anne Bladen.[1]

Belair and Horse Racing

In 1743, Benjamin Tasker built the Belair Mansion on a 7,000 acre tobacco plantation in Collington, Maryland, now known as Bowie, Maryland on behalf of Ogle. Upon his return to the Province, Ogle founded the "Belair Stud," a stable of thoroughbred horses at Belair that would continue in operation for more than two-hundred years. A lover of his native country's popular sport of thoroughbred horse racing, Ogle is credited with introducing the sport to North America, staging the first English-style race at Annapolis, Maryland in 1745.[4]

Death and legacy

Samuel Ogle died in 1752 and was interred at St. Anne's Episcopal Church in Annapolis. He and his wife Anne had five children: Anne, Samuel, Benjamin Ogle who became Governor of the State of Maryland, Mary and Mellora.[1]

Samuel Ogle Middle School in Bowie, Maryland was named after him.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Richardson, Hester Dorsey (1903). Side-lights on Maryland History: With Sketches of Early Maryland Families. Baltimore, Maryland: Williams and Wilkins Company. pp. 190–193. ISBN 0806302968. http://books.google.com/books?id=l_oMAAAAYAAJ&printsec=titlepage. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Warfield, Joshua Dorsey (July 1905). The Founders of Anne Arundel And Howard Counties, Maryland. Baltimore, Maryland: Kohn & Pollock. p. 208. ISBN 0806379715. http://books.google.com/books?id=vgINAAAAYAAJ&printsec=titlepage#PPA208,M1. 
  3. Bayliff, William H. The Maryland-Pennsylvania and the Maryland-Delaware boundaries. Annapolis : Maryland Board of Natural Resources, 1959.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Baltz, Shirley Vlasak (1984). A Chronicle of Belair. Bowie, Maryland: Bowie Heritage Committee. pp. 14–19. 


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