Sir John Fenwick, 1st Baronet
Sir John Fenwick, 1st Baronet (c. 1570 – c. 1658) was an English landowner of a long established Northumbrian family, who was created 1st Baronet Fenwick of Fenwick by James I on 9 June 1628.
He was the son of Sir William Fenwick who had been High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1578 and 1589. He himself also served in that office in 1620.
He was a successful racehorse breeder and became a favorite of Charles I for whom he acted as Master of the Royal Stud at Tutbury and Surveyor of the Royal Race.
Fenwick served as the representative of Northumberland in Parliament but was strongly Royalist during the Civil War and was expelled from Parliament for non attendance in 1643. His son and heir John was killed at the Battle of Marston Moor.
Fenwick made his peace with Parliament and again served as High Sheriff in 1645 and regained his Parliamentary seat in 1646.
Fenwick owned substantial estates in Northumberland and Durham but financial difficulties caused him to sell the greater part of his holdings in 1650 to Sir William Blackett for £20,000. He retained the family seat at Wallington Hall.
He married twice, firstly to Catherine Slingsby and secondly to Grace Loraine. He was succeeded by his second son William.