Stockwell with jockey up by Harry Hall, 1852
|Owner||Brownlow Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Exeter|
|Stockwell is a thoroughbred racehorse out of Pocahontas by The Baron. He was born around 1849 in Great Britain, and was bred by William Theobald.|
2,000 Guineas (1852)|
Newmarket Stakes (1852)
Great Yorkshire Stakes (1852)
St. Leger Stakes (1852)
Leading sire in GB & Ireland|
(1860-1862 & 1864-1867)
|Horse (Equus ferus caballus)|
|Last updated on December 16, 2006|
Stockwell was born in Stockwell, England, at the stud farm of William Theobald. His sire, The Baron was a successful racehorse and sire. His dam, Pocahontas was a roarer, a trait that never showed in Stockwell himself, but was passed to several of his descendants. Pocahontas later also produced the successful sires, Rataplan and King Tom.
The chestnut was not a particularly pretty horse, described by one turf writer as "the very incarnation of ugliness," possessing a plain head with a slight Roman nose, and a hind end like a carthorse. However, he had good feet and strong legs, and was very powerful, which made him a great weight carrier. Although a poor mover, he was very fast, and his speed made up for his terrible temperament, which was considered "a bit savage". This temperament was not surprising, as both his sire and dam were known for their aggression.
- Markings: stripe, sock right hind, mid-cannon left hind, Bend-Or spots
- Height: over 16 hh
Although the colt was thought to be "over-large," Brownlow Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Exeter purchased the yearling for 180 sovereigns, with the contingency that he would pay £500 more if Stockwell won the Derby. Stockwell was sent to Exeter's stud farm at Newmarket.
Stockwell began his racing career during the fall of his two-year-old year. He ran twice, finishing second by a head at the Prendergast Stakes for two-year-olds and fourth at the Criterion Stakes (6 furlongs).
- Prendergast Stakes: 2nd by a head
- Criterion Stakes: 4th
His three-year-old year was his greatest season, and provided him with the reputation he would need to book mares. His first race was the Craven Stakes at Newmarket Racecourse, where he finished second out of three horses by a neck. His next race, the 2,000 Guineas Stakes, he won with odds of 10 to 1, before winning the Newmarket Stakes. He finished eighth at the Epsom Derby, although some believe that the colt had a gumboil lanced just prior to the race, which might have affected his running. However, he finished his three-year-old season spectacularly, with 8 successive wins, including two walk-overs.
- Newmarket Craven: 2nd by a neck
- 2,000 Guineas Stakes: won, with odds at 10 to 1
- Newmarket Stakes: won, beating Maidstone, Father Thames (winner of the Newmarket Handicap), and three others
- Goodwood: won, beating Harbinger (by Touchstone) by 1/2 a length
- Racing Stakes Handicap: won, by two lengths, carrying the heaviest weight
- Great Yorkshire Stakes: won, by a length, over Longbow, Hex and nine others
- Doncaster St. Leger Stakes: won by 10 lengths over Harbinger, Daniel O'Rourke, Songstress (Oaks winner), and two others
- Foal Stakes: won, with a walk-over
- Grand Duke Michael Stakes: won, by a three-length victory "in a canter", beating Muscovite (Cesarewitch Handicap winner)
- Newmarket St. Leger: won, by two lengths
Stockwell ran once as a four-year-old, coming second by a head for the Emperor of Russia's Plate (Ascot Gold Cup). He then went "amiss," and was out for the rest of the 1853 season, and most of the 1854 season. A s a five-year-old, he ran once at the Whip, beating Kingston (who broke down during the race), by a sound 30 lengths. He was then retired to stud.
- Emperor of Russia's Plate (Ascot Gold Cup): 2nd
- The Whip: won
Known as "The Emperor of Stallions" in his own time, Stockwell was a leading sire throughout the 1860s, Champion Sire in England seven times (1860-1862 and 1864-1867) and coming second several times (1863, 1868, 1872, 1873).
Stockwell stood at stud from 1855 until his death at the age of 21 (due to an accident in the breeding shed). His off-spring won a total of 1,147 races, earning £362,451. 209 of his 412 foals were winners. 12 of his offspring won 17 classic races, 13 placed in one or more classic races. His sons bred back his talent, including Doncaster, the sire of Bend Or. Many of his daughters were also good producers. Perhaps one of the most well-known descendants of Stockwell is the legendary Man o' War.
Lord Exeter sent Stockwell to his stud at Burghley. The stallion was sold at Tattersall's after his first season, for 3,000 guineas, to Albert Denison, 1st Baron Londesborough. Stockwell was sent to Kirkby Farm, which was later re-named Stockwell Stud, where he stood for a fee of 30 guineas. It was here that he sired his first eight classic winners, and he headed the top of the sires list. However, the death of the Baron in 1860 led to a sale of all stock, and Stockwell was purchased for 4,500 guineas by Richard C. Naylor of Cheshire, and sent to Rawcliffe Stud for his 1861 and 1862 seasons to stand for a fee of 40 guineas. He was booked full to 50 mares, and he led the sires list for two more years.
After the 1862 season, Stockwell was moved to Naylor's stud farm at Hooton Park, where he lived for the final eight years of his life in considerable luxury. He received 15 mile walks in good weather, and lived in a barn "big enough for him to run about in". By the end of his stud career, his fee had shot up to an incredible 300 guineas, and most of his breedings were to Naylor's own mares.
- Achievement: 1864 brown filly. Won the Woodcote Stakes, New Stakes, July Stakes, Chesterfield Stakes, Criterion Stakes, Lavant Stakes, Champagne Stakes, One Thousand Guineas Stakes, Coronation Stakes, Great Yorkshire Stakes, St. Leger Stakes, and the Doncaster Cup.
- Asteroid: 1858 bay colt, winner of Ascot Gold Cup and Chester Cup
- Bathilde: 1858 chestnut filly, winner of Cambridgeshire Stakes
- Belladrum: 1866 brown filly, winner of New Stakes and Woodcote Stakes
- Blair Athol: 1861 chestnut colt, winner of Derby Stakes, St. Leger Stakes, 2nd Grand Prix de Paris, and was a Champion Sire
- Bothwell: 1868 brown colt, winner of Gimcrack Stakes and Two Thousand Guineas Stakes
- Breadalbane: 1862 chestnut colt, winner of Prince of Wales' Stakes
- Caller Ou: 1858 brown filly, won 51 races from 101 starts, including the St. Leger and the Northumberland Plate, 2nd in the Oaks Stakes.
- Cantiniere: 1870 brown filly, winner of Lavant Stakes, Woodcote Stakes, Chesterfield Stakes, and Hurstbourne Stakes
- Cherie: 1866 bay filly, winner of Cesarewitch Handicap
- Chevisaunce: 1868 brown filly, winner of Acorn Stakes
- Devotion: 1869 chestnut filly, winner of Free Handicap and 2nd in Chichester Stakes
- Doncaster: 1870 chestnut colt, great sire
- Gang Forward: 1870 chestnut colt, winner of Two Thousand Guineas Stakes, Jockey Club Cup, St. James' Palace Stakes, and Ascot Derby
- Grimston: 1860 chestnut colt, winner of Henckel Rennen
- Highland Lassie: 1869 brown filly, winner of Coronation Stakes
- Lady Augusta: 1860 chestnut filly, winner of One Thousand Guineas Stakes
- Lady Chester: 1870 chestnut filly, winner of AJC Champagne Stakes, Breeders' Plate, Sires' Produce Stakes, Spring Stakes (twice), Craven Plate, Cumberland Stakes twice, AJC Plate, Randwick Plate, Autumn Stakes, VRC Derby, Melbourne Cup, Town Plate, and Melbourne Stakes
- Lord Lyon: 1863 bay colt, English Triple Crown champion, winner of Champagne Stakes, Criterion Stakes
- Princess of Wales: 1862 chestnut filly, winner of Beaufort Cup and the 3rd Coronation Cup
- Regalia: 1862 chestnut filly, won the Oaks Stakes, the Edinburgh Cup, Queen's Plates, 2nd in the St. Leger Stakes. Dam of Zut (winner of Prix du Jockey Club) and Clementine (winner of Poule d'Essai des Pouliches)
- Repulse: 1863 brown filly, won the One Thousand Guineas Stakes, the Richmond Cup, and the Zetland Plate
- St. Albans: 1857 chestnut colt, winner of St. Leger Stakes, Great Metropolitan Handicap, Chester Cup, and Newmarket Stakes
- Sweet Katie: 1861 chestnut filly, winner of Preis der Diana, foundation mare in Germany, produced 3 classic winners and influential sire Flibustier
- The Marquis: bay colt, 1859, winner of Champagne Stakes, 2,000 Guineas Stakes, St. Leger Stakes. Stud success in Australia.
- Vaga: 1858 bay filly, 3rd place at the Champagne Stakes
Pedigree for Stockwell (3)
Chestnut colt, 1849
ch. 15.2hh 1831