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Yakutian horse

Yakutian horse
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Yakut on stamp of Azerbaijan
Alternative names: Yakut
Country of origin: Siberia
Horse (Equus ferus caballus)


The Yakutian horse (, Saxa ata), sometimes called the Yakut horse, Yakut pony or simply the Yakut, is a rare native horse breed from the Siberian Sakha Republic (or Yakutia) region. It is large compared to the otherwise similar Mongolian horse and Przewalski's horse breeds.[1] It is noted for its adaptation to the extreme cold climate of Yakutia, including the ability to locate and graze on vegetation that is under deep snow cover.[2]

The Yakut may be descended from an extinct animal known as the Tundra Horse that originated in North-East Siberia[3] It is unlikely that the Tundra Horse played a significant role in the development of any other domestic equine breeds.

Varieties and characteristics

The breed is small, averaging 14.3 hands (59 inches (150 cm)) and shares certain outward characteristics with the Shetland pony, including sturdy statute, thick mane and heavy hair coat. There are three subtypes of the Yakutian horse. The Northern type is the purest bred Yakut, and is sometimes called the Middle Kolyma or Verkhoyansk horse. It is usually bay, gray or light dun in color, with primitive markings including a dark dorsal stripe and zebra-pattern stripes on the legs. This variety is considered to be the most valuable. The second variety is the Smaller Southern type, which is also considered a pure but less valuable breed. The third variety is the Larger Southern type, which is the result of cross-breeding with other breeds, and is widespread in central Yakutia.[4]

References

  1. Breeds of Livestock - Yakut Horse, Department of Animal Science, Oklahoma State University, http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/horses/yakut/, retrieved 2009-04-20, "... Compared to horses of similar type and Mongolian origin, the Yakut is larger and more massive. Three Yakut types have been formed: the Northern original Yakut (the Middle Kolyma or Verkhoyansk horse); the smaller southern type which was not crossed with improved breeds; and the larger southern type tending towards the breeds used for the improvement of the local Yakut ..." 
  2. Anatoly Michailovich Khazanov (1995), After the USSR: ethnicity, nationalism and politics in the Commonwealth of Independent States, University of Wisconsin Press, ISBN 0299148947, http://books.google.com/books?id=LhtWbiXOzLcC, retrieved 2009-04-20, "... The Yakut horse has the ability to uncover grass that is under as much as 50 centimeters of snow (and the snow cover lasts in the country for seven to eight months a year) ..." 
  3. Breeds of Horses
  4. Bonnie Lou Hendricks (1995), International encyclopedia of horse breeds, University of Oklahoma Press, ISBN 0806127538, http://books.google.com/books?id=rhNFW0sD3jMC, retrieved 2009-04-20, "... There are three types within the breed; the northern, original Yakut (called the Middle Kolyma or Verkhoyansk horse); the smaller southern type, which has not been crossed with improved breeds; and the larger southern type, which tends toward the breeds used for improvement ..." 





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